Linking Teacher-Student Relationship to Academic Achievement of Senior High School Students
Students’ level of academic engagement and achievement at any level of education is partly knit to the kind of relationships that exist between them and their teachers. The study examined the impact of teacher-student relationship on academic achievement of students in Senior High Schools in Winneba, Ghana. Eighty students were conveniently sampled from two strata whiles data was qualitatively collected using semi-structured interview guide and analyzed thematically. The study uses the four clusters of teacher-student relationship as a framework to discuss the types of relationships that exist in Ghanaian Senior High Schools. The study revealed that connectedness, dependent, peaceful and conflicting teacher-student relationships prevail in Senior High Schools. However, administrative restrictions, and certain attitudes of teachers and students impede the development of effective teacher-student relationship. Whereas positive relationships create environments that augment academic achievement, threatening relationships stifle academic achievement. Teachers should deliberately express concerns both about students’ academic and non-academic life, as this makes the latter feel accepted and motivated to improve academic work.
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