Analysis of Radial Distribution Systems by Using Particle Swarm Optimization under Uncertain Conditions
Keywords:distributed generation, radial distribution network, particle swarm optimization, unbalanced system
Abstract: Losses in the network are one of the most important parts of a power distribution network, and work should be done to lower their value. The research used the Particle Swarm Optimisation (PSO) metaheuristic algorithm to investigate the impact of concurrently optimising phase balance and conductor size on the planning issues and objective functions of an imbalanced distribution system. These objective functions include power loss, voltage unbalance, total neutral current, and complicated power unbalance. Firstly, the optimisation process is applied to each goal function. Then, they are put together with weights to form a multi-objective optimisation problem. In this study, it was tried to find out how to minimise losses in electrical power distribution networks that aren't fair. Power flow and optimal DG placement are two PSO techniques that may be used to reduce losses. These changes may be applied to existing distribution systems using an effective load-flow method for a three-phase imbalanced radial distribution network. Knowing the node voltage, angle, branch current, actual power loss, wattles power loss, branch losses, etc. helps determine the network's true state. Simple formulae may be used to describe the relationship between the voltage at one end of the distribution system, the voltage at the other end, and the voltage drops throughout the whole system. An approach is developed to identify the relevant variables. The voltage's angle at the target is calculated with its magnitude. It's a process that requires time and effort. From the substation to each terminal node, the constant voltage of 1p.u. is considered. Voltage magnitude and phase angle are varied between repetitions, and voltage reductions are computed using the new parameters. The suggested approach has been applied to 19- and 25-node networks with unequal distribution. To demonstrate its efficacy, the recommended approach's speed requirements were compared to those of another recently developed technology. Good outcomes are achieved, and DG proves to be a viable option for reducing costs and improving performance.