Synergistic Optimization of Unit Commitment Using PSO and Random Search
Keywords:optimization, thermal units, particle swarm optimization, random search algorithm, hybrid method
Optimizing the order of thermal units for power generation plays a pivotal role in meeting load demand while minimizing fuel consumption. This paper introduces an enhanced hybrid method designed to schedule generating units with the simultaneous objectives of cost and emission reduction, which often pose a trade-off challenge. The hybrid approach integrates the parametric adaptation of particle swarm optimization (PSO) with the randomness of a random search algorithm. The introduction of intermediate variables enhances the performance of particles in the PSO framework, contributing to more effective optimization. To update the individual population's locations within the particle swarm optimization process, randomness is judiciously introduced using a random search method. To assess the potential of the proposed method, it is applied to the IEEE-39 bus system and a four-unit thermal system. The results obtained through the proposed approach are compared with those achieved by existing methods, demonstrating its effectiveness in achieving optimal solutions for the unit commitment problem.