1. Submission Checklist
You can use this list to carry out a final check of your submission before you send it to the journal for review. Please check the relevant section in this Guide for Authors for more details.
● Read the Aims and Scope to make sure your manuscript is suitable for this journal.
● The submission has not been previously published, nor is it under consideration for publication anywhere else.
● The submission has been approved by all authors of the manuscript.
● Permission has been obtained for use of copyrighted material from other sources (including the Internet).
● Manuscript has been spell checked and grammar checked.
● All references mentioned in the Reference List are cited in the text, and vice versa.
● Make sure submit your manuscript in Microsoft Word or LaTex format. If it contains special characters, equations or any precise formatting that needs to be retained, please submit a PDF of your manuscript for reference in addition to an editable word version. Figure files should also be uploaded as high-resolution TIF or EPS files for printing.
● Journal policies detailed in this guide have been reviewed.
Submission of a manuscript implies: that the work described has not been published before; that it is not under consideration for publication anywhere else; that its publication has been approved by all co-authors, if any, as well as by the responsible authorities – tacitly or explicitly – at the institute where the work has been carried out. The publisher will not be held legally responsible should there be any claims for compensation.
2. Cover Letter
A cover letter must be prepared when submitting articles to help you convey the work's importance to the editors. You can either put it in the submission system or attach it as a separate file. Generally a cover letter should contain following parts:
● the title of the article
● the name and contact information of the corresponding author
● the names and affiliations of other authors
● a brief introduction of the paper including its research significance
Additionally, you can also provide suggested reviewers to be included or ask individuals to be excluded from peer review with exact reasons in the cover letter. Please note that the cover letter will not be transmitted to peer reviewers.
3. How to Submit
● Submit online at: http://ojs.wiserpub.com/index.php/JOMR/login. For a new user, please register and submit the manuscript in accordance with the submission guide. This method allows authors to monitor the manuscript handling process via the Open Journal System. The editorial office will also contact you using the registered email address on any progress regarding the manuscript.
● Submit by mail to email@example.com. No registration is needed. Any response regarding the manuscript will be manually sent to your mail.
4. Types of Publications
Journal of Operations and Management Research has no restrictions on the length of manuscripts, provided that the text is concise and comprehensive. Full experimental details must be provided so that the results can be reproduced. Additional data and files can be uploaded as “supplementary files” during the manuscript submission process. The supplementary files will also be available to the referees as part of the peer-review process, and will be available to readers as part of the manuscript once the paper published online.
The main article types published by the Journal of Operations and Management Research are as follows:
Original research: The journal considers all original research manuscripts provided that the work reports scientifically sound experiments and provides a substantial amount of new information. It includes full Introduction, Methods, Results, and Discussion sections.
Reviews: Reviews are summaries of recent insights in specific research areas within the scope of the Journal of Operations and Management Research. Key aims of reviews are to provide systematic and substantial coverage of mature subjects, evaluations of progress in specified areas, and/or critical assessments of emerging technologies. Systematic reviews should follow the PRISMA guidelines. Authors are recommended to complete the checklist and flow diagram and include it with their submission.
Short Communications: The aim of publishing a short communication is to present useful and novel preliminary results of interest to a wide and interdisciplinary audience. The manuscript should contain an abstract; a brief introduction; experimental procedures in sufficient detail to allow replication of the experiment; results, either tabular or graphical; conclusions; references.
Perspectives: Perspectives provide the author's view on the journal’s related topics based on personal experience and ideas fuelled from performed procedures or surgeries.
Case Reports: Case Reports encourages the submission of case reports that feature novel findings, or new management strategies. Well written and illustrated reports of rare classical conditions will also be considered.
Letters: Possibly even shorter original findings, field reports, and single observations. This can also include arguments about previously published papers, which involve either opinion pieces or snippets of contradictory or supporting research.
Since manuscripts formatting can be time-consuming, we aspire to simplify the manuscript submission process by practising a format-free submission policy. Universal Wiser differentiates between the requirements for new and revised submissions. You can submit your manuscript in original format that will be used in the refereeing process. Only when your paper is at the revision stage, will you be requested to follow our formatting requirements for acceptance and next publication.
Steps to follow for submitting your manuscripts with free format submission:
Step 1: Ensure the manuscript is prepared as a single file including texts, figures, and tables.
Step 2: Confirm all required sections are included in the manuscript.
(i.e. Abstract, Keywords, Introduction, Materials & Methods, Results, Conclusions, Figures/Tables with captions, Acknowledgements, Conflict of interest statement)
Step 3: Verify all cited referencing format is consistent throughout the manuscript. The references may be submitted in any style or format.
(Author(s) name(s), journal title/book title, article title, year of publication, volume & issue /book chapter, and the pagination. Including the DOI and/or URLs is highly encouraged.)
If you are asked to revise your manuscript after editorial or peer review, the journal will request the revised manuscript to be formatted according to our format instructions.
Format requirements for revised manuscript:
Contributions are required of a concise, focused account of the findings and reliable essential data. They should be well organized and written clearly and simply, avoiding exhaustive tables and figures. Authors are advised to use internationally agreed nomenclature, express all measurements in SI units, and quote all the relevant references.
Title: Titles must be limited to 20 words, and should be concise, indexable, and informative for a broad scientific audience. Authors should avoid using colons, questions, nonstandard abbreviations, etc. in titles.
Author(s): Authorship should be limited to those who have contributed substantially to the work. The order of the authors listed should be agreed by all the coauthors, and every author should have the responsibility for the published content. Given names are written followed by family names. The email addresses of all the authors are required.
Author affiliation: Affiliation should be the institution where the work was done. Complete addresses are required with post codes.
Abstract: An abstract is a summary of the content of the manuscript. It should briefly describe the research purpose, method, result and conclusion. The extremely professional terms, special signals, figures, tables, formulae and equations should be avoided, and citation of references is not allowed.
Keywords: A list of three to eight keywords should follow the abstract. The chosen keywords are required to reflect the theme of a manuscript and each keyword should be separated with a comma.
Text: A paper should begin with a brief introduction of the significance of the author's research. Nomenclature, signal and abbreviation should be defined at their initial appearance. All the figures and tables should be numbered in numerical order.
Introduction: Being the most important part of an article, the introduction introduces the relevant research background and the progress in 2 or 3 years, with references cited in numerical order, then presents the problem to be solved in this article, and finally briefly describes the method adopted in this work. Before the end, the aim of the work should be mentioned. Subtitle is forbidden in this part, and introduction of the article structure is considered unnecessary.
Figures and tables: Figures and tables should be numerically numbered, inserted in the text, and cited in order within the text. The figures should have resolution not lower than 600 dpi and clear lines of 5 px, with signals and letters in Times New Roman at 8 pt. A space should always be maintained between the variable and the unit.
Equations: An equation is numerically numbered (Arabic numeral), and has the number put on its right side.
Abbreviations and Conventions: Using abbreviations can be an effective way to avoid repeating lengthy, technical terms throughout a piece of writing, but they should be used sparingly to prevent the text from becoming difficult to read. To use an abbreviation, write out the term or phrase on first use, followed by the abbreviation in parentheses. Use brackets if introducing an abbreviation inside parentheses. Conventional standard abbreviations should be used when abbreviation is justified.
Acknowledgments: The author expresses his/her thanks to the people helping with this work, and acknowledges the valuable suggestions from the peer reviewers. Financial support also appears in this part, with grant number(s) following. The full title of each fund is required.
References: A comprehensive References list is regarded as an important indicator of the paper's quality. If the relevant sources, especially the results published over a 2 or 3-year period are not reflected within the text, or most citations are from the author's publications, the editor reserves the right to consider this research not sufficiently scholarly to merit consideration for publication. The list of references should only include works that are cited in the text and that have been published or accepted for publication. Consistent with the APA 7th edition writing style, personal communications and unpublished works should only be mentioned in the text and excluded from the reference list. Do not use footnotes or endnotes as a substitute for a reference list.
The APA Citation Style-7th edition is the preferred citation format for the Journal of Operations and Management Research, beginning with its 1st issue published in 2021.list.
In-text Citation: When inserting a citation into the text, include the authors' surname/s and the year of publication, enclosed in parentheses, e.g. (Smith & Jones, 2016). This brief citation allows the reader to find the corresponding full reference in the list at the end of the manuscript. Where you include a direct quote (word-for-word), the in-text citation must include the page number/s where the quotation appeared, e.g… “correct referencing is a necessity”(Smith & Jones, 2016, p.16). Generally, JOMR prefers that authors paraphrase instead of using direct quotes sparingly and only when it is poignant for the elucidation or a pertinent event. In the case of direct quotes from online sources without pagination, authors must use paragraph numbers to indicate where they retrieved the direct quote from as in "(Smith & Jones, 2016, para.16). Authors should be aware that the overuse of direct quotes is a warning to the editors of the lack of originality of the work and may provide sufficient grounds for a disqualification of the manuscript. Therefore it is best practice to paraphrase throughout the research.
For multiple in-text citations within parentheses, alphabetize citations by first author and add a semi-colon (;) between them to differentiate citations, e.g. (Smith & Jones, 2016; Williams, 2014).
Use "and" when citing authors' names in sentences and "&" for parentheses. E.g. Smith and Jones (2016) … versus … (Smith & Jones, 2016).
Creating a Reference List: The reference list starts on a separate page and is always organized in alphabetical order. Do not use numbers or bullet points. The 7th edition of the APA provides that the second and subsequent lines of each reference in the list must have a hanging indent.
Authors can add biographies to submissions. Biographies will be exhibited after the reference within 150 words including the author's photo. The information of biographies should contain educational backgrounds, current positions, research fields, awards and so on. It can be submitted within the cover letter or submission.
Open access publishing is not without costs. Such costs will cover the peer review, copyediting, typesetting, publishing, content depositing and archiving processes. Those charges are applicable only to authors who have their manuscripts successfully accepted. While, unlike most open access journals, which are free to readers but not to authors, Universal Wiser has instituted a generous waiver policy for the Journal of Operations and Management Research. Currently, it is completely free for authors to publish papers on this journal without processing charge or publication fee. Although, it is free for publication, please be noted that submitted manuscripts will be checked rigorously during editorial, reviewing and production process to ensure the quality and integrity of all the published articles.
Upon receiving a manuscript, the editorial office will perform an initial check of the manuscript's suitability for publication. All manuscripts will be scrutinized critically by the editorial office before it is sent for peer review. The peer review will be performed by independent experts and the editorial office will collect at least two review reports per manuscript. The identities of both the authors and the reviewers are kept confidential as double-blind peer-review is adopted. The authors may need to revise the manuscript based on the review report. The final decision of acceptance of the paper is made by the Editor-in-Chief or Associate Editor(s). Accepted articles are copy-edited for publication.
Key steps and details as follow:
1. Initial check
After submission, the manuscript will be assessed by the editor to check the structure, style and compatibility of it according to the manuscript preparation guidelines. Then, the manuscript will be assessed based on its originality and thoroughness, to determine whether it is a good fit for the journal to be published. If not, the manuscript may be rejected without being reviewed any further.
2. Peer review
Universal Wiser practises the policy of double-blind peer review. Peer review is designed to assess the validity, quality and often the originality of articles for publication. Its ultimate purpose is to maintain the integrity of science by filtering out invalid or poor quality articles.
The peer review is conducted by the reviewers who are professionals in the field related to the paper. A suggestion of reviewers will be made by the academic editor during the initial check. The author may recommend potential reviewers or provide the names of potential reviewers they wish to exclude from consideration in the peer review of their manuscript. The editorial team will respect these requests as long as this does not interfere with the objective and thorough assessment of the submission.
The reviewers must hold a Ph.D. (exceptions are made in some fields, e.g. medicine), no conflicts of interest, have not published with the authors in the previous five years, and have recent publications in the field of the submitted manuscript. Reviewers will assess the technical soundness and validity of the methods, analysis and interpretation, all of which must be appropriate and properly conducted to support the data. The reviewers are given 4 weeks to prepare the review report. However, extensions can be granted on request. Through the peer-review, at least two reports are collected for each manuscript—three if the advice from the first two reviewers differs substantially.
3. Editor Decision
With the comprehensive consideration of the suitability of selected reviewers, the adequacy of reviewer comments and author response, overall scientific quality of the paper, the journal editor or Editor-in-Chief will make a decision on the paper: decline, acceptance, minor revision or major revision. For declined/rejected paper, editorial process ends with no further step in the next. For accepted paper, it can be sent for production after author improving the paper format as required. For minor revision required paper, it will move on to the next step of revision. For major revision required paper, it will be returned to the reviewer for further comments or sent for a new round of peer review.
Apart from in exceptional circumstances, we allow a maximum of two rounds of major revision per manuscript. The author is expected to revise the paper according to the advice from editor and reviewers and do paper formatting as required then submit revised paper together with revision response letter to clarify feedback to reviewers' comments and outline the changes made to the paper.
5. Final Decision
The final decision of whether to accept the paper is made by the Editor-in-Chief or associate editor(s). Accepted articles are copy-edited and English-edited. The acceptance criteria for all papers are the quality and originality of the research and its significance to journal readership. Except where otherwise stated, manuscripts are double-blind peer reviewed. Papers will only be sent to production for publication if the Editor-in-Chief determines that the paper meets the appropriate quality and relevance requirements.
After acceptance of an article for publication, the in-house editorial staff will organize the production of the paper, which entails copyediting, layout editing, proofreading and final production in preparation for publication on the journal website. The journal is structured in yearly volumes and in semiyearly issues. Nevertheless, articles are published online immediately after acceptance and production.
It is an important role of the publisher to guarantee high-quality scientific publications and public trust in scientific findings. Universal Wiser supports the great efforts made by journal editors and the often unsung volunteer work undertaken by peer reviewers, in maintaining the integrity of the scholarly record. Universal Wiser takes the responsibility to enforce a rigorous peer-review together with strict ethical policies and standards to ensure the high quality of scientific works publication. The journal supports the best practice in compliance with Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) as well as the Singapore Statement on Research Integrity released by the World Conference on Research Integrity. Note this journal uses iThenticate's CrossCheck software to detect instances of overlapping and similar text in submitted manuscripts. Universal Wiser and our editors take publishing ethics issues very seriously and do not allow the plagiarism, data falsification or inappropriate authorship credit to happen.
1. Ethical Obligations of Editors
An editor should give unbiased consideration to all manuscripts offered for publication, judging each on its merits without regard to race, religion, nationality, sex, seniority, or institutional affiliation of the author(s). The sole responsibility for acceptance or rejection of a manuscript rests with the editor and Editor-in-Chief. Responsible and prudent exercise of this duty normally requires that the editor seek advice from reviewers, chosen for their expertise and good judgment, as to the quality and reliability of manuscripts submitted for publication. However, manuscripts may be rejected without external review if considered by the editors to be inappropriate or unqualified for the journal. Such rejections may be caused by the failure of the manuscript to fit the scope of the journal, to pass similarity check, to be written in acceptable English, or other reasons.
The editors or any staff from editorial office should not disclose any information about a manuscript under consideration to anyone other than those from whom professional advice is sought. If the editor handling the manuscript determines that it is unsuitable for publication in the journal for scientific reasons, they may then arrange to offer transfer to an alternate Universal Wiser journal for further consideration with respect to publication. Only after the author agrees to transfer, can the editor's staff disclose to the alternate journal editor the titles, names of authors, text of the manuscript, supporting information, reviews of the originally submitted manuscript, and the identities of the reviewers.
2. Responsibilities of the Reviewers
3. Special Notes for Authors
Universal Wiser is committed to deterring plagiarism, including self-plagiarism. Journal of Operations and Management Research uses Crossref Similarity Check (powered by iThenticate) to screen all submissions for plagiarism before publication, but authors can also use iThenticate to screen their work before submission by visiting http://research.ithenticate.com. Authors should not engage in plagiarism – verbatim or near – verbatim copying, or very close paraphrasing, or text or results from another's work. Author should not engage in self-plagiarism (also known as duplicate publication) unacceptably close replication of author's own previously published text or results without acknowledgement of the source.
Authors should ensure that where material is taken from other sources (including their own published writing) the source is clearly cited and that where appropriate permission is obtained.
Authors should not engage in excessive self-citation of their own work.
Authors should not copy references from other publications if they have not read the cited work.
Authors should not preferentially cite their own or their friends', peers', or institution's publications.
Authors should not cite advertisements or advertorial material.
In accordance with COPE guidelines, we expect that "original wording taken directly from publications by other researchers should appear in quotation marks with the appropriate citations." This condition also applies to an author's own work. COPE has produced a discussion document on citation manipulation with recommendations for best practice.
Conflict of Interest Disclosure
At the point of submission, authors are encouraged to include a declaration of any conflicting interests. Each author should reveal any financial interests or connections, direct or indirect, or other situations that might raise the question of bias in the work reported or the conclusions, implications, or opinions stated or arrived at. The assumption of bias or conflict of interests may include but not limited to pertinent commercial or other sources of funding for the individual author(s) or for the associated department(s) or organization(s), personal relationships, or direct academic competition.
When submitting the revision, the corresponding author must provide the statement of conflict of interests on behalf of all authors of the manuscript. The statement should describe all potential sources of bias, including affiliations, funding sources, and financial or management relationships, that may constitute conflicts of interest. If no conflict of interest is declared, the following statement should be provided: "The authors declare no competing financial interest."
If the manuscript has more than one author, all authors should be properly credited. During manuscript submission, the submitting author must provide contact information (full name, email address, institutional affiliation, mailing address and if available, ORCID of each author) for all of the coauthors. The author who submits the manuscript for publication accepts the responsibility of notifying all coauthors that the manuscript is being submitted. The author should also declare that any person named as coauthor of the manuscript is aware of the fact and has agreed to being so named.
Changes to Authorship
Authors are expected to consider carefully the list and order of authors before submitting their manuscript and provide the definitive list of authors at the time of the original submission. Any addition, deletion or rearrangement of author names in the authorship list should be made only before the manuscript has been accepted and only if approved by the journal editor. To request such a change, the editor must receive the following from the corresponding author: (a) the reason for the change in author list and (b) written confirmation (e-mail, letter) from all authors that they agree with the addition, removal or rearrangement. In the case of addition or removal of authors, this includes confirmation from the author being added or removed.
Only in exceptional circumstances will the editor consider the addition, deletion or rearrangement of authors after the manuscript has been accepted. While the editor considers the request, publication of the manuscript will be suspended. If the manuscript has already been published in an online issue, any requests approved by the editor will result in a corrigendum.
4. Article Retraction & Withdrawal
In making this decision, the editor is guided by journal policies and constrained by such legal requirements in force regarding libel, copyright infringement and plagiarism. An outcome of this principle is the importance of the scholarly archive as a permanent, historic record of the transactions of scholarship: Articles which have been published shall remain extant, exact and unaltered as much as possible. However, occasionally circumstances may arise where an article is published that must later be retracted or even removed. Such actions must not be taken lightly and can only occur under exceptional circumstances.
Universal Wiser recognizes the importance of the integrity and completeness of the scholarly record to researchers and the wider academic community. Honest errors are a part of science and publishing and require publication of a notification or correction when they are detected. We adhere to the highest standards to maintain the trust in and correctness of our electronic archive and in all cases our official archives in the "e-Depot" of the National Library of the Singapore will retain all article versions, including retracted or otherwise removed articles. Our publications operate according to the below policies for making corrections to scholarly published material.
Infringements of professional ethical codes, such as multiple submission, bogus claims of authorship, plagiarism, fraudulent use of data or the like. Occasionally a retraction will be used to correct errors in submission or publication. The retraction of an article by its authors or the editor under the advice of members of the scholarly community has long been an occasional feature of the learned world. Standards for dealing with retractions have been developed by a number of libraries and scholarly bodies, and this best practice is adopted for article retraction by Universal Wiser:
A retraction note titled "Retraction: [article title]" signed by the authors and/or the editor is published in the paginated part of a subsequent issue of the journal and listed in the contents list.
In the electronic version, a link is made to the original article.
The online article is preceded by a screen containing the retraction note. It is to this screen that the link resolves; the reader can then proceed to the article itself.
The original article is retained unchanged save for a watermark on the pdf indicating on each page that it is "retracted."
Note that if Authors retain copyright for an article this does not mean they automatically have the right to retract it after publication. The integrity of the published scientific record is of paramount importance and COPE's Retraction Guidelines still apply in such cases.
Article removal: legal limitations
In an extremely limited number of cases, it may be necessary to remove an article from the online database. This will only occur where the article is clearly defamatory, or infringes others' legal rights, or where the article is, or we have good reason to expect it will be, the subject of a court order, or where the article, if acted upon, might pose a serious health risk. In these circumstances, while the metadata (Title and Authors) will be retained, the text will be replaced with a screen indicating the article has been removed for legal reasons.
In cases where the article, if acted upon, might pose a serious health risk, the authors of the original article may wish to retract the flawed original and replace it with a corrected version. In these circumstances the procedures for retraction will be followed with the difference that the database retraction notice will publish a link to the corrected re-published article and a history of the document.
Journals published by Universal Wiser are fully open access: research articles, reviews or any other content on this platform is available to everyone free of charge to maximize the benefits to readers, authors and editors. All content is distributed under Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY).
Copyright licenses detail the rights for publication, distribution, and use of research. Open Access articles published by Universal Wiser do not require transfer of copyright as the copyright remains with the author. In opting for open access, the author(s) should agree to publish the article under the CC BY license (Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License). The CC BY license allows for maximum dissemination and re-use of open access materials and is preferred by many research funding bodies. Under this license users are free to share (copy, distribute and transmit) and remix (adapt) the contribution including for commercial purposes, providing they attribute the contribution in the manner specified by the author or licensor.
2. Images and Features
We support the use of original materials such as images and features as an argument for articles. Among these some articles (especially Reviews) may contain figures, tables or text taken from other publications, for which Universal Wiser does not hold the copyright or the right to re-license the published material. Please note that you should inquire with the original copyright holder (usually the original publisher or authors), whether or not this material can be re-used. Or authors do not have the right to use them.
To ensure permanent access to our publications, we work with different partners to archive our content:
A full archival copy of all publications is deposited both in electronic and print format in the Singapore National Library. Records of deposited publications are available via PublicationSG online catalogue.
Authors are encouraged to self-archive the final version of their published articles into institutional repositories (such as those listed in the Directory of Open Access Repositories). For this purpose, authors are strongly encouraged to use the final PDF version published on the website of Universal Wiser.
For the purposes of record-keeping, Universal Wiser retains copies of submitted manuscripts and supporting files. However, for articles that are rejected we will comply with requests from authors to delete files.