Evaporated Chalcopyrite Thin Films for Indoor Photovoltaic Applications


  • Cecilia Guillén Research Centre for Energy, Environment and Technology, Complutense Avenue 40, 28040 Madrid, Spain https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7928-8240




chalcopyrite thin films, CuInSe2, CuInS2, CuGaS2, artificial light sources, indoor photovoltaic applications


The feasibility of capturing indoor artificial light using chalcopyrite photovoltaic absorbers has been analyzed. For this purpose, various chalcopyrite compounds (CuInSe2, CuInS2 and CuGaS2) were prepared by evaporation and then measured to obtain their main structural, morphological and optical characteristics. On the other hand, several artificial light sources were selected (incandescent, halogen, fluorescent, high-pressure sodium, metal halide and LED lamps) and represented by their respective spectral radiance. The absorption characteristics of CuInSe2 and CuInS2 are optimal for collecting light from fluorescent lamps and warm or cool white LEDs, requiring only a small film thickness of about 0.6 μm to capture 90-100% of the light radiance. Otherwise, the efficiency of CuGaS2 is found to increase as the color temperature of the LED lamp increases, being always lower and more dependent on the film thickness than for the other evaporated compounds. The worst performances (collection of less than 50% of the light radiance) correspond to incandescent and halogen lamps, which have a significant emission in the infrared region outside the absorption range of the evaporated chalcopyrite films. These results provide guidelines for the design of chalcopyrite-based photovoltaic devices suitable for operation under different indoor lighting conditions.




How to Cite

Guillén C. Evaporated Chalcopyrite Thin Films for Indoor Photovoltaic Applications. Advanced Energy Conversion Materials [Internet]. 2023 Dec. 5 [cited 2024 Apr. 15];5(1):31-9. Available from: https://ojs.wiserpub.com/index.php/AECM/article/view/3853