Characterization of Rice Husk and Coconut Shell Briquette as an Alternative Solid Fuel

Authors

  • Jamilu Tanko Department of Physics, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria
  • Umaru Ahmadu Department of Physics, Federal University of Technology, P.M.B., 65, Minna, Nigeria https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5966-0853
  • Umar Sadiq Department of Physics, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria
  • Alhassan Muazu Department of Physics, Federal College of Education (Tech.), Bichi, Kano State, Nigeria https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3786-2654

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37256/aecm.212021608

Keywords:

rice husk, coconut shell, briquette, calorific value

Abstract

The physical properties of briquettes made from rice husk and coconut shell in different ratios were evaluated based on their thermo-physical properties. The calculated calorific values of the rice husk and coconuts hell are 16.51 MJ/kg and 18.60 MJ/kg, with densities of 1.50 g/cm3 and 3.00 g/cm3, respectively. Coconut shell has lower moisture and ash content of 10% and 26%, respectively, before briquetting. Comparisons of the experimental and calculated calorific values of the briquettes (17 to 21 MJ/kg) showed that they are in agreement with those of the American Standard of Testing Materials (ASTM) and those reported in the literature. The results further showed that the calorific values of the five briquette ratios were not a function of their moisture and ash contents, rather their total carbon contents. The briquette at the ratio 90:10 of rice husk to coconut shell has the highest calorific value and implies that it has more heating advantages and will therefore be suitable as an alternative solid fuel.

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Published

2020-11-26

How to Cite

1.
Jamilu Tanko, Umaru Ahmadu, Umar Sadiq, Alhassan Muazu. Characterization of Rice Husk and Coconut Shell Briquette as an Alternative Solid Fuel. Advanced Energy Conversion Materials [Internet]. 2020 Nov. 26 [cited 2022 Jun. 28];2(1):1-12. Available from: https://ojs.wiserpub.com/index.php/AECM/article/view/608