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Submission Guidelines


● Submission Checklist

● Cover Letter

● How to Submit

● Article Types

● Preprint and Conference Papers

● Use of Languages

● Publication Frequency

● Accepted File Formats

● Format Requirements

● Initial Check

● Peer Review

● Editor Decision and Revision

● Author Appeals

● Production and Publication

● Ethical Obligations of Editors

● Responsibilities of the Reviewers

● Plagiarism

● Citation Policy

● Conflict of Interest Disclosure

● Coauthor Notification

● Changes to Authorship

● Article Retraction & Withdrawal


Manuscript Preparation

General Considerations


Research manuscripts should comprise:

● Front matter: Title, Author list, Affiliations, Abstract, Keywords

● Research manuscript sections: Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, Discussion, Conclusions (optional).

● Back matter: Supplementary Materials, Acknowledgments, Author Contributions, Conflicts of Interest, References.


Review manuscripts should comprise the front matter, literature review sections and the back matter. The template file can also be used to prepare the front and back matter of your review manuscript. It is not necessary to follow the remaining structure. Structured reviews and meta-analyses should use the same structure as research articles and ensure they conform to the PRISMA guidelines.


Graphical Abstract:

A graphical abstract (GA) is an image that appears alongside the text abstract. In addition to summarizing the content, it should represent the topic of the article in an attention-grabbing way. Moreover, it should not be exactly the same as the Figure in the paper or just a simple superposition of several subfigures. Note that the GA must be original and unpublished artwork. Any postage stamps, currency from any country, or trademarked items should not be included in it.

The GA should be a high-quality illustration or diagram in any of the following formats: PNG, JPEG, TIFF, or SVG. Written text in a GA should be clear and easy to read, using one of the following fonts: Times, Arial, Courier, Helvetica, Ubuntu or Calibri.

The minimum required size for the GA is 560 × 1100 pixels (height × width). The size should be of high quality in order to reproduce well.


Acronyms/Abbreviations/Initialisms should be defined the first time they appear in each of three sections: the abstract; the main text; the first figure or table. When defined for the first time, the acronym/abbreviation/initialism should be added in parentheses after the written-out form.


SI Units (International System of Units) should be used. Imperial, US customary and other units should be converted to SI units whenever possible.


Equations: If you are using Word, please use either the Microsoft Equation Editor or the MathType add-on. Equations should be editable by the editorial office and not appear in a picture format.


Research Data and supplementary materials: Note that publication of your manuscript implies that you must make all materials, data, and protocols associated with the publication available to readers. Disclose at the submission stage any restrictions on the availability of materials or information. Read the information about Supplementary Materials and Data Deposit for additional guidelines.


Preregistration: Where authors have preregistered studies or analysis plans, links to the preregistration must be provided in the manuscript.


Manuscript Submission

1.  Submission Checklist

You can use this list to carry out a final check of your submission before you send it to the journal for review. Please check the relevant section in this Guide for Authors for more details.

● Read the Aims and Scope to make sure your manuscript is suitable for this journal.

● Use the Microsoft Word template or LaTex format to prepare your manuscript; If it contains special characters, equations or any precise formatting that needs to be retained, please submit a PDF of your manuscript for reference in addition to an editable word version. Figure files should also be uploaded as high-resolution TIF or EPS files for printing.

● The submission has not been previously published, nor is it under consideration for publication anywhere else.

● The submission has been approved by all authors of the manuscript.

● Permission has been obtained for use of copyrighted material from other sources (including the Internet).

● The manuscript has been spell-checked and grammar-checked.

● All references mentioned in the Reference List are cited in the text, and vice versa.

● Journal policies detailed in this guide have been reviewed.


Submission of a manuscript implies: that the work described has not been published before; that it is not under consideration for publication anywhere else; that its publication has been approved by all co-authors, if any, as well as by the responsible authorities – tacitly or explicitly – at the institute where the work has been carried out. The publisher will not be held legally responsible should there be any claims for compensation.


2. Cover Letter

A cover letter must be prepared when submitting articles to help you convey the work's importance to the editors. You can either put it in the submission system or attach it as a separate file. Generally a cover letter should contain following parts:

● the title of the article

● the name and contact information of the corresponding author

● the names and affiliations of other authors

● a brief introduction of the paper including its research significance

Additionally, you can also provide suggested reviewers to be included or ask individuals to be excluded from peer review with exact reasons in the cover letter. Please note that the cover letter will not be transmitted to peer reviewers.


3. How to Submit

● Submit online at: http://ojs.wiserpub.com/index.php/BSR/login. For a new user, please register and submit the manuscript in accordance with the submission guide. This method allows authors to monitor the manuscript handling process via the Open Journal System. The editorial office will also contact you using the registered email address on any progress regarding the manuscript.

● Submit by mail to editorbsr@universalwiser.com. No registration is needed. Any response regarding the manuscript will be manually sent to your mail.


4. Article Types

Biostatistics Research has no restrictions on the length of manuscripts, provided that the text is concise and comprehensive. Full experimental details must be provided so that the results can be reproduced. Additional data and files can be uploaded as “supplementary files” during the manuscript submission process. The supplementary files will also be available to the referees as part of the peer-review process, and will be available to readers as part of the manuscript once the paper published online.

The main article types published by Biostatistics Research are as follows:


Original research: The journal considers all original research manuscripts provided that the work reports scientifically sound experiments and provides a substantial amount of new information. It includes full Introduction, Methods, Results, and Discussion sections.


Reviews: Reviews are summaries of recent insights in specific research areas within the scope of Biostatistics Research. Key aims of reviews are to provide systematic and substantial coverage of mature subjects, evaluations of progress in specified areas, and/or critical assessments of emerging technologies. Systematic reviews should follow the PRISMA guidelines. Authors are recommended to complete the checklist and flow diagram and include it with their submission.


Short communications: The aim of publishing a short communication is to present useful and novel preliminary results of interest to a wide and interdisciplinary audience. The manuscript should contain an abstract; a brief introduction; experimental procedures in sufficient detail to allow replication of the experiment; results, either tabular or graphical; conclusions; references.


5. Preprint and Conference Papers

Universal Wiser believes that journals publishing for communities with established pre-print servers should allow authors to submit manuscripts which have already been made available on a non-commercial preprint server. Manuscript submission does not, of course, guarantee that the article will be sent out for review. It simply reflects our belief that journals should not rule out reviewing a paper simply because it has already been available on a non-commercial server.

This journal will consider publishing review articles previously available as preprints on non-commercial servers such as ArXiv, bioRxiv, psyArXiv, SocArXiv, engrXiv, etc. Authors may also post the submitted version of a manuscript to non-commercial servers at any time. Authors are requested to update any pre-publication versions with a link to the final published article.


Expanded and high-quality conference papers can be considered as articles if they fulfill the following requirements: (1) the paper should be expanded to the size of a research article; (2) the conference paper should be cited and noted on the first page of the paper; (3) if the authors do not hold the copyright of the published conference paper, authors should seek the appropriate permission from the copyright holder; (4) authors are asked to disclose that it is conference paper in their cover letter and include a statement on what has been changed compared to the original conference paper. Biostatistics Research does not publish pilot studies or studies with inadequate statistical power.


6. Use of Languages

Papers are only accepted as written in English. If your first language is not English, please make sure your paper can be understood by journal audiences. You can seek assistant tools or assistance from a native writer to check the manuscript.

Both English and American spelling are permitted in the journal, but please use only one consistently within the article. Non-discriminatory languages has to be used throughout the manuscript.


7. Publication Frequency



Format Instruction

Accepted File Formats

Authors are encouraged to use the Microsoft Word template or LaTeX template to prepare their manuscript. Using the template file will substantially shorten the time to complete copy-editing and publication of accepted manuscripts. The total amount of data for all files must not exceed 120 MB. If this is a problem, please contact the Editorial Office at editorbsr@universalwiser.com.


Accepted file formats are:

Microsoft Word: Manuscripts prepared in Microsoft Word must be converted into a single file before submission. When preparing manuscripts in Microsoft Word, we encourage you to use our Microsoft Word template file. Please insert your graphics (schemes, figures, etc.) in the main text after the paragraph of its first citation. All text and metadata identifying the authors should be removed before submission.


LaTex: Manuscripts prepared in LaTeX must be collated into one ZIP folder (including all source files and images, so that the Editorial Office can recompile the submitted PDF). 


Supplementary files: May be any format, but it is recommended that you use common, non-proprietary formats where possible.


Disclaimer: Usage of these templates is exclusively intended for submission to the journal for peer-review, and strictly limited to this purpose and it cannot be used for posting online on preprint servers or other websites.


Format Requirements

Contributions are required of a concise, focused account of the findings and reliable essential data. They should be well organized and written clearly and simply, avoiding exhaustive tables and figures. Authors are advised to use internationally agreed nomenclature, express all measurements in SI units, and quote all the relevant references.


Title: Titles must be limited to 20 words, and should be concise, indexable, and informative for a broad scientific audience. Authors should avoid using colons, questions, nonstandard abbreviations, etc. in titles.


Author(s): Authorship should be limited to those who have contributed substantially to the work. The order of the authors listed should be agreed by all the coauthors, and every author should have the responsibility for the published content. Given names are written followed by family names. The email addresses of all the authors are required.


Author affiliation: Affiliation should be the institution where the work was done. Complete addresses are required with postcodes.


Abstract: An abstract is a summary of the content of the manuscript. It should briefly describe the research purpose, method, result and conclusion. The extremely professional terms, special signals, figures, tables, formulae and equations should be avoided, and citation of references is not allowed.


Keywords: A list of three to eight keywords should follow the abstract. The chosen keywords are required to reflect the theme of a manuscript and each keyword should be separated with a comma.


Text: A paper should begin with a brief introduction of the significance of the author's research. Nomenclature, signal and abbreviation should be defined at their initial appearance. All the figures and tables should be numbered in numerical order.


Introduction: Being the most important part of an article, the introduction introduces the relevant research background and the progress in 2 or 3 years, with references cited in numerical order, then presents the problem to be solved in this article, and finally briefly describes the method adopted in this work. Before the end, the aim of the work should be mentioned. Subtitle is forbidden in this part, and introduction of the article structure is considered unnecessary.


Figures and tables: Figures and tables should be numerically numbered, inserted in the text, and cited in order within the text. The figures should have resolution not lower than 600 dpi and clear lines of 5 px, with signals and letters in Times New Roman at 8 pt. A space should always be maintained between the variable and the unit.


Equations: An equation is numerically numbered (Arabic numeral), and has the number put on its right side.


Abbreviations and Conventions: Using abbreviations can be an effective way to avoid repeating lengthy, technical terms throughout a piece of writing, but they should be used sparingly to prevent the text from becoming difficult to read. To use an abbreviation, write out the term or phrase on first use, followed by the abbreviation in parentheses. Use brackets if introducing an abbreviation inside parentheses. Conventional standard abbreviations should be used when abbreviation is justified.


Acknowledgements: The author expresses his/her thanks to the people helping with this work, and acknowledges the valuable suggestions from the peer reviewers. Financial support also appears in this part, with grant number(s) following. The full title of each fund is required.


References: Reference is regarded as an important indicator of the paper's quality. If the relevant references, especially the results published in 2 to 3 years are not cited in the paper, or most citations are from the author's publications, the editor will consider this paper unattractive. The list of references should only include works that are cited in the text and that have been published or accepted for publication. Personal communications and unpublished works should only be mentioned in the text. Do not use footnotes or endnotes as a substitute for a reference list.


Reference Format

In-Text Citing:  It is not necessary to mention an author's name, pages used or date of publication in the in-text citation. All references should be numbered consecutively in order of appearance by using Arabic numerals in a square bracket, e.g.[1], that will then correspond to the full citation in the reference list.

Creating a Reference List: The Reference List appears at the end of paper and provides the full citations for all the references that have been used. List all references numerically in the order cited within the paper, and include the bracketed number at the beginning of each reference.


Journal article: print

[1] Errami M, Garner H. A tale of two citations. Nature. 2008; 451(7177): 397-399.


Title of journal article

Title of journal (this should be in italics)

Year of publication

Volume number

(Issue number)

Page numbers of the article


Journal article: online/electronic

[2] Sheng JJ, Wang XP, Gong P, Tian LD, Yao TD. Heavy metals of the Tibetan top soils level, source, spatial distribution, temporal variation and risk assessment. Environmental Science and Pollution Research. 2012; 1(7): 3362-3370. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-012-0857-5

[3] Gunatilake S. Methods of removing heavy metals from industrial wastewater. Journal of Multidisciplinary Engineering Science Studies. 2015; 1(1): 12-18. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/287818349_Methods_of_Removing_Heavy_Metals_from_Industrial_Wastewater


Title of journal article

Title of journal (this should be in italics)

Year of publication

Volume number

(Issue number)

Page numbers of the article




[4] Simons NE, Menzies B, Matthews M. A Short Course in Soil and Rock Slope Engineering. London: Thomas Telford Publishing; 2001.

Author/Editor (if it is an editor always put (ed.) after the name)

Title (this should be in italics)

Series title and number (if part of a series)

Edition (if not the first edition)

Place of publication (if there is more than one place listed, use the first named)


Year of publication


Book chapter

[5] Partridge H, Hallam G. Evidence-based practice and information literacy. In: Lipu S, Williamson K, Lloyd A. (eds.) Exploring methods in information literacy research. Wagga Wagga, Australia: Centre for Information Studies; 2007. p.149–170.

Author of the chapter

Title of chapter followed by, In:

Editor (always put (ed.) after the name)

Title of book (this should be in italics)

Series title and number (if part of a series)

Edition (if not the first edition)

Place of publication (if there is more than one place listed, use the first named)


Year of publication

Page numbers (use 'p.' before single and multiple page numbers)


Conference proceeding: individual paper

[6] Wittke M. Design, construction, supervision and long-term behaviour of tunnels in swelling rock. In: Van Cotthem A, Charlier R, Thimus J-F, Tshibangu J-P. (eds.) Eurock 2006: multiphysics coupling and long term behaviour in rock mechanics: Proceedings of the International Symposium of the International Society for Rock Mechanics, EUROCK 2006, 9–12 May 2006, Liège, Belgium. London: Taylor & Francis; 2006. p.211–216.


Title of conference paper followed by, In:

Editor/Organization (if it is an editor always put (ed.) after the name)

Title (this should be in italics)

Place of publication


Year of publication

Page numbers (use 'p.' before single and multiple page numbers)


Author biography: Authors can add biographies to submissions. Biographies will be exhibited after the reference within 150 words including author's photo. The information of biographies should contain education backgrounds, current positions, research fields, awards and so on. It can be submitted within the cover letter or submission.


Article Processing Charge

See: https://ojs.wiserpub.com/index.php/BSR/APC


Editorial Process

Upon receiving a manuscript, the editorial office will perform an initial check of the manuscript's suitability for publication. All manuscripts will be scrutinized critically by the editorial office before it is sent for peer review. The peer review will be performed by independent experts and the editorial office will collect at least two review reports per manuscript. The identities of both the authors and the reviewers are kept confidential as double-blind peer-review is adopted. The authors may need to revise the manuscript based on the review report. The final decision of acceptance of the paper is made by the Editor-in-Chief or Associate Editor(s). Accepted articles are copy-edited for publication.

Key steps and details as follow:


1. Initial Check

After submission, the manuscript will be assessed by the editor to check the structure, style and compatibility of it according to the manuscript preparation guidelines. Then, the manuscript will be assessed based on its originality and thoroughness, to determine whether it is a good fit for the journal to be published. If not, the manuscript may be rejected without being reviewed any further.


2. Peer Review

Once a manuscript passes the initial checks, it will be assigned to at least two independent experts for peer-review. The reviewers must hold a Ph.D. (exceptions are made in some fields, e.g. medicine), have no conflicts of interest, have not published with the authors in the previous five years, and have recent publications in the field of the submitted manuscript. A double-blind peer-review process is applied, where authors' identities are not known to reviewers.
In the case of regular submissions, in-house assistant editors will invite experts, including recommendations by an academic editor. These experts may also include Editorial Board Members and Guest Editors of the journal. Potential reviewers suggested by the authors may also be considered. Reviewers should not have published with any of the co-authors during the past three years and should not currently work or collaborate with any of the institutions of the co-authors of the submitted manuscript.


3. Editor Decision and Revision

All the articles, reviews, and communications published in Biostatistics Research through the peer-review process and receive at least two reviews. The in-house editor will communicate the decision of the academic editor, which will be one of the following:


Accept after Minor Revisions:

The paper is in principle accepted after revision based on the reviewer's comments. Authors are given seven days for minor revisions.


Reconsider after Major Revisions:

The acceptance of the manuscript would depend on the revisions. The author needs to provide a point-by-point response or provide a rebuttal if some of the reviewer's comments cannot be revised. A maximum of two rounds of major revision per manuscript is normally provided. Authors will be asked to resubmit the revised paper within a suitable time frame, and the revised version will be returned to the reviewer for further comments. If the required revision time is estimated to be longer than 2 months, we will recommend that authors withdraw their manuscript before resubmitting so as to avoid unnecessary time pressure and to ensure that all manuscripts are sufficiently revised.


Reject and Encourage Resubmission:

If additional experiments are needed to support the conclusions, the manuscript will be rejected and the authors will be encouraged to re-submit the paper once further experiments have been conducted.



The article has serious flaws, and/or makes no original significant contribution. No offer of resubmission to the journal is provided.


All reviewer comments should be responded to in a point-by-point fashion. Where the authors disagree with a reviewer, they must provide a clear response.


4. Author Appeals

Authors may appeal a rejection by sending an e-mail to the Editorial Office of the journal. The appeal must provide a detailed justification, including point-by-point responses to the reviewers' and/or Editor's comments using an appeal form. Appeals can only be submitted following a “reject and decline resubmission” decision and should be submitted within three months from the decision date. Failure to meet these criteria will result in the appeal not being considered further. The Managing Editor will forward the manuscript and related information (including the identities of the referees) to a designated Editorial Board Member. The Academic Editor being consulted will be asked to provide an advisory recommendation on the manuscript and may recommend acceptance, further peer-review, or uphold the original rejection decision. This decision will then be validated by the Editor-in-Chief. A reject decision at this stage is final and cannot be reversed.


5. Production and Publication

Once accepted, the manuscript will undergo professional copy-editing, English editing, proofreading by the authors, final corrections, pagination, and publication on the Biostatistics Research website.


Publication Ethics

It is an important role of the publisher to guarantee high-quality scientific publications and public trust in scientific findings. Universal Wiser supports the great efforts made by journal editors and the often unsung volunteer work undertaken by peer reviewers, in maintaining the integrity of the scholarly record. Universal Wiser takes the responsibility to enforce a rigorous peer-review together with strict ethical policies and standards to ensure the high quality of scientific works publication. The journal supports the best practice in compliance with Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE)  as well as the Singapore Statement on Research Integrity released by the World Conference on Research Integrity. Note this journal uses iThenticate's CrossCheck software to detect instances of overlapping and similar text in submitted manuscripts. Universal Wiser and our editors take publishing ethics issues very seriously and do not allow the plagiarism, data falsification or inappropriate authorship credit to happen.


1. Ethical Obligations of Editors

An editor should give unbiased consideration to all manuscripts offered for publication, judging each on its merits without regard to race, religion, nationality, sex, seniority, or institutional affiliation of the author(s). The sole responsibility for acceptance or rejection of a manuscript rests with the editor and Editor-in-Chief. Responsible and prudent exercise of this duty normally requires that the editor seek advice from reviewers, chosen for their expertise and good judgment, as to the quality and reliability of manuscripts submitted for publication. However, manuscripts may be rejected without external review if considered by the editors to be inappropriate or unqualified for the journal. Such rejections may be caused by the failure of the manuscript to fit the scope of the journal, to pass similarity check, to be written in acceptable English, or other reasons.
The editors or any staff from editorial office should not disclose any information about a manuscript under consideration to anyone other than those from whom professional advice is sought. If the editor handling the manuscript determines that it is unsuitable for publication in the journal for scientific reasons, they may then arrange to offer transfer to an alternate Universal Wiser journal for further consideration with respect to publication. Only after the author agrees to transfer, can the editor's staff disclose to the alternate journal editor the titles, names of authors, text of the manuscript, supporting information, reviews of the originally submitted manuscript, and the identities of the reviewers.


2. Responsibilities of the Reviewers

  • Provide a prompt, thorough, and impartial review of the article.
  • Give constructive feedback with reasonable suggestions and professional tone.
  • Avoid suggesting the addition of irrelevant or unnecessary references.
  • Alert the editor to any suspected ethical issues.
  • Maintain confidentiality by safeguarding the unique contributions of the author's work.


3. Special Notes for Authors


Universal Wiser is committed to deterring plagiarism, including self-plagiarism. Biostatistics Research uses Crossref Similarity Check (powered by iThenticate) to screen all submissions for plagiarism before publication, but authors can also use iThenticate to screen their work before submission by visiting http://research.ithenticate.com. Authors should not engage in plagiarism – verbatim or near – verbatim copying, or very close paraphrasing, or text or results from another's work. Author should not engage in self-plagiarism (also known as duplicate publication) unacceptably close replication of author's own previously published text or results without acknowledgement of the source.


Citation Policy

Authors should ensure that where material is taken from other sources (including their own published writing) the source is clearly cited and that where appropriate permission is obtained.
Authors should not engage in excessive self-citation of their own work.
Authors should not copy references from other publications if they have not read the cited work.
Authors should not preferentially cite their own or their friends', peers', or institution's publications.
Authors should not cite advertisements or advertorial material.


In accordance with COPE guidelines, we expect that "original wording taken directly from publications by other researchers should appear in quotation marks with the appropriate citations." This condition also applies to an author's own work. COPE has produced a discussion document on citation manipulation with recommendations for best practice.


Conflict of Interest Disclosure

At the point of submission, authors are encouraged to include a declaration of any conflicting interests. Each author should reveal any financial interests or connections, direct or indirect, or other situations that might raise the question of bias in the work reported or the conclusions, implications, or opinions stated or arrived at. The assumption of bias or conflict of interests may include but not limited to pertinent commercial or other sources of funding for the individual author(s) or for the associated department(s) or organization(s), personal relationships, or direct academic competition.

When submitting the revision, the corresponding author must provide the statement of conflict of interests on behalf of all authors of the manuscript. The statement should describe all potential sources of bias, including affiliations, funding sources, and financial or management relationships, that may constitute conflicts of interest. If no conflict of interest is declared, the following statement should be provided: "The authors declare no competing financial interest."


Coauthor Notification

If the manuscript has more than one author, all authors should be properly credited. During manuscript submission, the submitting author must provide contact information (full name, email address, institutional affiliation, mailing address and if available, ORCID of each author) for all of the coauthors. The author who submits the manuscript for publication accepts the responsibility of notifying all coauthors that the manuscript is being submitted. The author should also declare that any person named as coauthor of the manuscript is aware of the fact and has agreed to being so named.


Changes to Authorship

Authors are expected to consider carefully the list and order of authors before submitting their manuscript and provide the definitive list of authors at the time of the original submission. Any addition, deletion or rearrangement of author names in the authorship list should be made only before the manuscript has been accepted and only if approved by the journal editor. To request such a change, the editor must receive the following from the corresponding author: (a) the reason for the change in author list and (b) written confirmation (e-mail, letter) from all authors that they agree with the addition, removal or rearrangement. In the case of addition or removal of authors, this includes confirmation from the author being added or removed.
Only in exceptional circumstances will the editor consider the addition, deletion or rearrangement of authors after the manuscript has been accepted. While the editor considers the request, publication of the manuscript will be suspended. If the manuscript has already been published in an online issue, any requests approved by the editor will result in a corrigendum.



4. Article Retraction & Withdrawal

In making this decision, the editor is guided by journal policies and constrained by such legal requirements in force regarding libel, copyright infringement and plagiarism. An outcome of this principle is the importance of the scholarly archive as a permanent, historic record of the transactions of scholarship: Articles which have been published shall remain extant, exact and unaltered as much as possible. However, occasionally circumstances may arise where an article is published that must later be retracted or even removed. Such actions must not be taken lightly and can only occur under exceptional circumstances.


Universal Wiser recognizes the importance of the integrity and completeness of the scholarly record to researchers and the wider academic community. Honest errors are a part of science and publishing and require publication of a notification or correction when they are detected. We adhere to the highest standards to maintain the trust in and correctness of our electronic archive and in all cases our official archives in the "e-Depot" of the National Library of the Singapore will retain all article versions, including retracted or otherwise removed articles. Our publications operate according to the below policies for making corrections to scholarly published material.


Article retraction

Generally, the article retraction will be conducted for the publication misconduct such as multiple submissions, duplicate publication, plagiarism, data fabrication, and other issues that may cause infringements of professional ethical codes. Occasionally, a retraction will be used to correct errors in submission or publication. Once the suspicion of the misconduct or the request of retraction is come up with, the editors will organize investigations and take necessary actions along with the best practice guidelines.


Note that if Authors retain copyright for an article this does not mean they automatically have the right to retract it after publication. The integrity of the published scientific record is of paramount importance and COPE's Retraction Guidelines still apply in such cases.


Article removal: legal limitations

In an extremely limited number of cases, it may be necessary to remove an article from the online database. This will only occur where the article is clearly defamatory, or infringes others' legal rights, or where the article is, or we have good reason to expect it will be, the subject of a court order, or where the article, if acted upon, might pose a serious health risk. In these circumstances, while the metadata (Title and Authors) will be retained, the text will be replaced with a screen indicating the article has been removed for legal reasons.


Article replacement

In cases where the article, if acted upon, might pose a serious health risk, the authors of the original article may wish to retract the flawed original and replace it with a corrected version. In these circumstances the procedures for retraction will be followed with the difference that the database retraction notice will publish a link to the corrected re-published article and a history of the document.


Author Appeals & Complaint

Authors may appeal for a rejection decision. Authors should send the appeal request by an email to the Editorial Office of the journal. Detailed reasons, point-by-point responses to reviewers' and/or editor's comments must be included in the appeal request. The journal coordinator will manage the appeal request and consult with the Editor-in-Chief, Associate Editor, Senior Editor, or/and Editorial Team members. Decisions for the appeal will be final with no further alternations allowed.

The complaints or concerns on the editorial work, publications or other journal issues can be sent to the Publisher publisher@wiserpub.com or the service center service@wiserpub.com. The publisher will handle the complaint appropriately along with the COPE.


Copyright Policy

Journals published by Universal Wiser are fully open access: research articles, reviews or any other content on this platform is available to everyone free of charge to maximize the benefits to readers, authors and editors. All content is distributed under Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY).


1. License

Copyright licenses detail the rights for publication, distribution, and use of research. Open Access articles published by Universal Wiser do not require transfer of copyright as the copyright remains with the author. In opting for open access, the author(s) should agree to publish the article under the CC BY license (Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License). The CC BY license allows for maximum dissemination and re-use of open access materials and is preferred by many research funding bodies. Under this license users are free to share (copy, distribute and transmit) and remix (adapt) the contribution including for commercial purposes, providing they attribute the contribution in the manner specified by the author or licensor.


2. Images and Features

We support the use of original materials such as images and features as an argument for articles. Among these some articles (especially Reviews) may contain figures, tables or text taken from other publications, for which Universal Wiser does not hold the copyright or the right to re-license the published material. Please note that you should inquire with the original copyright holder (usually the original publisher or authors), whether or not this material can be re-used. Or authors do not have the right to use them.


Archiving Policy

To ensure permanent access to our publications, we work with different partners to archive our content:

A full archival copy of all publications is deposited both in electronic and print format in the Singapore National Library. Records of deposited publications are available via PublicationSG online catalogue.


The content of BSR are archived and preserved by PKP PN and Portico.


Authors are encouraged to self-archive the final version of their published articles into institutional repositories (such as those listed in the Directory of Open Access Repositories). For this purpose, authors are strongly encouraged to use the final PDF version published on the website of Universal Wiser.


For the purposes of record-keeping, Universal Wiser retains copies of submitted manuscripts and supporting files. However, for articles that are rejected we will comply with requests from authors to delete files.