Simultaneous Prediction of the Density and Viscosity of the Ternary System Water-Ethanol-Ethylene Glycol Using Support Vector Machine
Keywords:water, ethanol, ethylene glycol, SVM support vector machines, density, viscosity
Ethylene glycol is an organic solvent used in extractive distillation to separate water-ethanol mixtures. An appropriate process description requires accurate physical property data. In this paper, experimental liquid densities and dynamic viscosities of pure ethylene glycol as well as the ternary system water-ethanol-ethylene glycol are presented over a wide temperature range (298.15 to 328.15 K) at atmospheric pressure. Density and viscosity data of the ternary system of water-ethanol-ethylene glycol solutions were obtained from the literature and a support vector machine model was used to predict the density and viscosity of this system. The determination coefficients for density and viscosity of the ternary system of water-ethanol-ethylene glycol are 0.9854 and 0.9892, respectively. The mean square errors of density and viscosity are obtained 4.6572×10-4 and 3.4920×10-4, respectively. The results confirmed that the proposed method can predict the density and viscosity of the ternary system of water-ethanol-ethylene glycol as a function of temperature, using a support vector machine.