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Author Guidelines

Submission Checklist

You can use this list to carry out a final check of your submission before you send it to the journal for review. Please check the relevant section in this Guide for Authors for more details.

  • ● Read the Aims and Scope to make sure your manuscript is suitable for this journal.
  • ● The submission has not been previously published, nor is it under consideration for publication anywhere else.
  • ● The submission has been approved by all authors of the manuscript.
  • ● Permission has been obtained for use of copyrighted material from other sources (including the Internet).
  • ● Manuscript has been spell checked and grammar checked.
  • ● All references mentioned in the Reference List are cited in the text, and vice versa.
  • ● Make sure submit your manuscript in Microsoft Word or LaTex format. If it contains special characters, equations or any precise formatting that needs to be retained, please submit a PDF of your manuscript for reference in addition to an editable word version. Figure files should also be uploaded as high-resolution TIF or EPS files for printing.
  • ● Journal policies detailed in this guide have been reviewed.


Before your submission


Preparation for submission


Before your submission

Publication Ethics

It is an important role of the publisher to guarantee high-quality scientific publications and public trust in scientific findings. Universal Wiser supports the great efforts made by journal editors and the often unsung volunteer work undertaken by peer reviewers, in maintaining the integrity of the scholarly record. Universal Wiser takes the responsibility to enforce a rigorous peer-review together with strict ethical policies and standards to ensure the high quality of scientific works publication. We promote best practice in compliance with Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE). Note this journal uses iThenticate's CrossCheck software to detect instances of overlapping and similar text in submitted manuscripts. Universal Wiser and our editors take publishing ethics issues very seriously and do not allow the plagiarism, data falsification, inappropriate authorship credit to happen.


Research Ethics

Submission of a manuscript implies: that the work described has not been published before; that it is not under consideration for publication anywhere else; that its publication has been approved by all co-authors, if any, as well as by the responsible authorities – tacitly or explicitly – at the institute where the work has been carried out. The publisher will not be held legally responsible should there be any claims for compensation.



Authors should be substantial contributors of the article. Anyone who made major contributions to the creation or writing the manuscript should be listed as an author. Any other individuals who made less substantive contributions to the study or the writing of the manuscript should be listed in the acknowledgement section. 

Principal authorship, authorship order, and other publication credits should be based on the relative scientific or professional contributions of the individuals involved, regardless of their status. During manuscript submission, the submitting author must provide contact information (full name, email address, institutional affiliation, mailing address and if available, ORCID of each author) for all of the coauthors. The author who submits the manuscript for publication accepts the responsibility of notifying all coauthors that the manuscript is being submitted. The author should also declare that any person named as coauthor of the manuscript is aware of the fact and has agreed to being so named.

All authors should have been involved in the writing of the manuscript at draft and any revision stages, and have read and approved the final version. 


Changes to Authorship

Authors are expected to consider carefully the list and order of authors before submitting their manuscript and provide the definitive list of authors at the time of the original submission. Any addition, deletion or rearrangement of author names in the authorship list should be made only before the manuscript has been accepted and only if approved by the journal Editor. To request such a change, the Editor must receive the following from the corresponding author: (a) the reason for the change in author list and (b) written confirmation (e-mail, letter) from all authors that they agree with the addition, removal or rearrangement. In the case of addition or removal of authors, this includes confirmation from the author being added or removed.
Only in exceptional circumstances will the Editor consider the addition, deletion or rearrangement of authors after the manuscript has been accepted. While the Editor considers the request, publication of the manuscript will be suspended. If the manuscript has already been published in an online issue, any requests approved by the Editor will result in a corrigendum. 


Use of Languages

Papers are only accepted as written in English. If your first language is not English, please make sure your paper can be understood by journal audiences. You can seek assistant tools or assistance from a native writer to check the manuscript.

Both English and American spelling are permitted in the journal, but please use only one consistently within the article. Non-discriminatory languages has to be used throughout the manuscript.


Copyright Policy

Journals published by Universal Wiser are fully open access: research articles, reviews or any other content on this platform is available to everyone free of charge to maximize the benefits to readers, authors and editors. All content is distributed under Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY).


1. License

Copyright licenses detail the rights for publication, distribution, and use of research. Open Access articles published by Universal Wiser do not require transfer of copyright as the copyright remains with the author. In opting for open access, the author(s) should agree to publish the article under the CC BY license (Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License). The CC BY license allows for maximum dissemination and re-use of open access materials and is preferred by many research funding bodies. Under this license users are free to share (copy, distribute and transmit) and remix (adapt) the contribution including for commercial purposes, providing they attribute the contribution in the manner specified by the author or licensor.


2. Images and Features

We support the use of original materials such as images and features as an argument for articles. Among these some articles (especially Reviews) may contain figures, tables or text taken from other publications, for which Universal Wiser does not hold the copyright or the right to re-license the published material. Please note that you should inquire with the original copyright holder (usually the original publisher or authors), whether or not this material can be re-used. Or authors do not have the right to use them.


Archiving Policy

To ensure permanent access to our publications, we work with different partners to archive our content:

A full archival copy of all publications is deposited both in electronic and print format in the Singapore National Library. Records of deposited publications are available via PublicationSG online catalogue.


Authors are encouraged to self-archive the final version of their published articles into institutional repositories (such as those listed in the Directory of Open Access Repositories). For this purpose, authors are strongly encouraged to use the final PDF version published on the website of Universal Wiser.


For the purposes of record-keeping, Universal Wiser retains copies of submitted manuscripts and supporting files. However, for articles that are rejected we will comply with requests from authors to delete files.


Article Processing Charge Information

Open access publishing is not without costs. Such costs will cover the peer review, copyediting, typesetting, publishing, content depositing and archiving processes. Those charges are applicable only to authors who have their manuscripts successfully accepted.

While, unlike most open access journals, which are free to readers but not to authors, Universal Wiser has instituted a generous waiver policy for Green Building & Construction Economics. Currently, it is completely free for authors to publish papers on this journal without processing charge or publication fee.

Although, it is free for publication, please be noted that submitted manuscripts will be checked rigorously during editorial, reviewing and production process to ensure the quality and integrity of all the published articles.


Preparation for submission

Article Types

● Original research

Original research is the main article type published by us. It mainly includes hypothesis, background study, methods, results, interpretation of findings, and a discussion of possible implications.

● Review

Review articles provide a critical and constructive analysis of existing published literature in a field, through summary, analysis, and comparison, often identifying specific gaps or problems and providing recommendations for future research.

● Comment

Comment is a very flexible format. Comments may be about policy, science and society or purely scientific questions. The main criterion is that they should immediately interest journal readers and be written in a straightforward, untechnical style.

● Case studies

Describes actual interventions or experiences within organizations. It can be subjective and doesn’t generally report on research. Also covers a description of a legal case or a hypothetical case study used as a teaching exercise.

● Technical notes

Technical notes are articles that describe a new methodology or to present results from new techniques or equipment of interest to Green Building and Construction. They are therefore clearly different from research articles. A technical note should in any case be under 3,000 words with no more than 5 figures and tables.


Editorial Process

1. Initial editorial review

After submission, the manuscript will be assessed by the editor to check the structure, style and compatibility of it according to the manuscript preparation guidelines. Then, the manuscript will be assessed based on its originality and thoroughness, to determine whether it is a good fit for the journal to be published. If not, the manuscript may be rejected without being reviewed any further.


2. Peer review

Universal Wiser practises the policy of double-blind peer review. Peer review is designed to assess the validity, quality and often the originality of articles for publication. Its ultimate purpose is to maintain the integrity of science by filtering out invalid or poor quality articles.

The peer review is conducted by the reviewers who are professionals in the field related to the paper. A suggestion of reviewers will be made by the academic editor during the initial check. The author may recommend potential reviewers or provide the names of potential reviewers they wish to exclude from consideration in the peer review of their manuscript. The editorial team will respect these requests as long as this does not interfere with the objective and thorough assessment of the submission.

The reviewers must hold a Ph.D. (exceptions are made in some fields, e.g. medicine), no conflicts of interest, have not published with the authors in the previous five years, and have recent publications in the field of the submitted manuscript. Reviewers will assess the technical soundness and validity of the methods, analysis and interpretation, all of which must be appropriate and properly conducted to support the data. The reviewers are given 4 weeks to prepare the review report. However, extensions can be granted on request. Through the peer-review, at least two reports are collected for each manuscript—three if the advice from the first two reviewers differs substantially.


3. Anticipated revision

Apart from in exceptional circumstances, we allow a maximum of two rounds of major revision per manuscript. The author is expected to revise the paper according to the advice from editor and reviewers and do paper formatting as required then submit revised paper together with revision response letter to clarify feedback to reviewers' comments and outlines the changes made to the paper.


4. Further review and final decision

The final decision of whether to accept the paper is made by the Editor-in-Chief or associate editor(s). Accepted articles are copy-edited and English-edited. The acceptance criteria for all papers are the quality and originality of the research and its significance to journal readership. Except where otherwise stated, manuscripts are double-blind peer reviewed. Papers will only be sent to production for publication if the Editor-in-Chief determines that the paper meets the appropriate quality and relevance requirements.


5. Artwork and Publication

After acceptance of an article for publication, the in-house editorial staff will organize the production of the paper, which entails copyediting, layout editing, proofreading and final production in preparation for publication on the journal website. The journal is structured in yearly volumes and in semiyearly issues. Nevertheless, articles are published online immediately after acceptance and production.


How to Submit

● Submit online at: http://ojs.wiserpub.com/index.php/GBCE/. For a new user, please register and submit the manuscript in accordance with the submission guide. This method allows authors to monitor the manuscript handling process via the Open Journal System. The editorial office will also contact you using the registered email address on any progress regarding the manuscript.

● Submit by mail to editorgbce@universalwiser.com. No registration is needed. Any response regarding the manuscript will be manually sent to your mail.


Presubmission and Transfers

If you are not sure whether your manuscript is suitable for the journal, you can send us a presubmission inquiry with a title, an abstract and keywords, and we will make an editorial judgement in 3-5 working days.

If you would like to submit to another journal of Universal Wiser Publisher, we can help you with this.


New Submission

Since manuscripts formatting can be time-consuming, we aspire to simplify the manuscript submission process by practising a format-free submission policy. Universal Wiser differentiates between the requirements for new and revised submissions. You can submit your manuscript in original format that will be used in the refereeing process. Only when your paper is at the revision stage, will you be requested to follow our formatting requirements for acceptance and next publication.


Steps to follow for submitting your manuscripts with free format submission:


Step 1: Ensure the manuscript is prepared as a single file including texts, figures, and tables.

Step 2: Confirm all required sections are included in the manuscript.

(i.e. Abstract, Keywords, Introduction, Materials & Methods, Results, Conclusions, Figures/Tables with captions, Acknowledgement, Conflict of interest statement)

Step 3: Verify all cited referencing format is consistent throughout the manuscript. The references may be submitted in any style or format.

(Author(s) name(s), journal title/book title, article title, year of publication, volume & issue /book chapter, and the pagination. Including the DOI and/or URLs is highly encouraged.)


Formatting for Revised Manuscript

Contributions are required of a concise, focused account of the findings and reliable essential data. They should be well organized and written clearly and simply, avoiding exhaustive tables and figures. Authors are advised to use internationally agreed nomenclature, express all measurements in SI units, and quote all the relevant references.


Title: Titles must be limited to 20 words, and should be concise, indexable, and informative for a broad scientific audience. Please avoid abbreviations and formulae where possible.


Author details: Authors should be listed sequentially by full names. Where available, please also include ORCID identifiers. One author should be identified as the corresponding author, with the email address normally displayed in the article. Affiliation should be the institution where the work was done. Complete addresses are required with post codes. 


Abstract: An abstract is a summary of the content of the manuscript. It should briefly describe the research purpose, method, result and conclusion. The extremely professional terms, special signals, figures, tables, formulae and equations should be avoided, and citation of references is not allowed. The length of an abstract should be 150-250 words.


Keywords: A list of three to eight keywords should follow the abstract. The chosen keywords are required to reflect the theme of a manuscript and each keyword should be separated with a comma.


Abbreviations: Please ensure consistency of abbreviations throughout the article. To use an abbreviation, write out the term or phrase on first use, followed by the abbreviation in parentheses. Use brackets if introducing an abbreviation inside parentheses. Conventional standard abbreviations should be used when abbreviation is justified. 


Artwork, figure and other graphics: Figures and tables should be numerically numbered and cited in order within the text. The figures should have resolution not lower than 600 dpi and clear lines of 5 px, with signals and letters in Times New Roman at 8 pt. A space should always be maintained between the variable and the unit.

Please submit tables as editable text and not as images. Tables and figures can be placed either next to the relevant text in the article, or on separate page(s) at the end.


References: Reference is regarded as an important indicator of the paper's quality. If the relevant references, especially the results published in 2 to 3 years are not cited in the paper, or most citations are from the author's publications, the editor will consider this paper unattractive. The list of references should only include works that are cited in the text and that have been published or accepted for publication. Personal communications and unpublished works should only be mentioned in the text. Do not use footnotes or endnotes as a substitute for a reference list.


Reference Format

GBCE adopts the Vancouver referencing style and manuscripts should be prepared following this style.

In-Text Citing: Citations within the paper are numbered consecutively in order by Arabic numbers in square brackets, e.g. [1]. If the source is referred to again, the same number is used.

When multiple references are cited at a given place in the text, use a hyphen to join the first and last numbers that are inclusive. Use commas to separate non-inclusive numbers in a multiple citation.

Creating a Reference List: The Reference List appears at the end of paper and provides the full citations for all the references that have been used. List all references numerically in the order cited within the paper, and include the square bracketed number at the beginning of each reference.


Book: print

[1] Simons NE, Menzies B, Matthews M. A Short Course in Soil and Rock Slope Engineering. London: Thomas Telford Publishing; 2001.

Author/Editor (if it is an editor always put (ed.) after the name)

Title (this should be in italics)

Series title and number (if part of a series)

Edition (if not the first edition)

Place of publication


Year of publication


Book: online/electronic

[2] Grech ED. ABC of interventional cardiology. 2nd ed. Chichester: Wiley blackwell; 2011 Available from: https://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/imperial/detail. action?docID=822522 [Accessed 6th July 2017].

Author/Editor (if it is an editor always put (ed.) after the name)

Title (this should be in italics)

Series title and number (if part of a series)

Edition (if not the first edition)

Place of publication (if there is more than one place listed, use the first named)


Year of publication

Available from: URL

[Date of access]


Book chapter

[3] Partridge H, Hallam G. Evidence-based practice and information literacy. In: Lipu S, Williamson K, Lloyd A. (eds.)Exploring methods in information literacy research. Wagga Wagga, Australia: Centre for Information Studies; 2007. p.149–170.

Author of the chapter

Title of chapter followed by, In:

Editor (always put (ed.) after the name)

Title of book (this should be in italics)

Series title and number (if part of a series)

Edition (if not the first edition)

Place of publication (if there is more than one place listed, use the first named)


Year of publication

Page numbers (use 'p.' before single and multiple page numbers)


Journal article: print

[4] Errami M, Garner H. A tale of two citations. Nature. 2008; 451(7177): 397-399.


Title of journal article

Title of journal (this should be in italics)

Year of publication

Volume number

(Issue number)

Page numbers of the article


Journal article: online/electronic

[5] Errami M, Garner H. A tale of two citations. Nature. 2008; 451(7177): 397–399. Available from: http:// www.nature.com/ nature/journal/v451/n7177/full/451397a.html [Accessed 20th January 2015].

[6] Wang F, Maidment G, Missenden J and Tozer R. The novel use of phase change materials in refrigeration plant. Part 1: Experimental investigation. Applied Thermal Engineering. 2007;27(17–18): 2893–2901. Available from: doi:10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2005.06.011.

Use of the DOI is highly encouraged.


Title of journal article

Title of journal (this should be in italics)

Year of publication

Volume number

(Issue number)

Page numbers of the article

Available from: URL (Include [Date of access]) or DOI (if available)


Conference proceeding: individual paper

[7] Wittke M. Design, construction, supervision and long-term behaviour of tunnels in swelling rock. In: Van Cotthem A, Charlier R, Thimus J-F, Tshibangu J-P. (eds.) Eurock 2006: multiphysics coupling and long term behaviour in rock mechanics: Proceedings of the International Symposium of the International Society for Rock Mechanics, EUROCK 2006, 9–12 May 2006, Liège, Belgium. London: Taylor & Francis; 2006. p.211–216.


Title of conference paper followed by, In:

Editor/Organisation (if it is an editor always put (ed.) after the name) • Title (this should be in italics)

Place of publication


Year of publication

Page numbers (use 'p.' before single and multiple page numbers)


Web page/website

[8] European Space Agency. Rosetta: rendezvous with a comet. Available from: http://rosetta.esa.int [Accessed 15th June 2015].

Author/Editor (use the corporate author if no individual author or editor is named)

Title (this should be in italics)

Available from: URL

[Date of access]



The author expresses his/her thanks to the people helping with this work, and acknowledges the valuable suggestions from the peer reviewers. Financial support also appears in this part, with grant number(s) following. The full title of each fund is required.

They are not required for manuscript submission. List here those individuals who provided help during the research.


Supplementary material

Supplementary material such as applications, images and sound clips, can be published with your article to enhance it. Submitted supplementary items are published exactly as they are received. Please submit your material together with the article and supply a concise, descriptive caption for each supplementary file.


Declaration of conflicting interests

Authors are encouraged to include a declaration of any conflicting interests.

At the point of submission, each author should reveal any financial interests or connections, direct or indirect, or other situations that might raise the question of bias in the work reported or the conclusions, implications, or opinions stated – including pertinent commercial or other sources of funding for the individual author(s) or for the associated department(s) or organization(s), personal relationships, or direct academic competition. When considering whether you should declare a conflicting interest or connection please consider the conflict of interest test: Is there any arrangement that would embarrass you or any of your co-authors if it was to emerge after publication and you had not declared it?