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Author Guidelines

Submission Checklist

You can use this list to carry out a final check of your submission before you submit it to the journal for review. Please check the relevant section in this Guide for Authors for more details.

  • ● Read the Aims and Scope to make sure your manuscript is suitable for this journal.
  • ● The submission has neither been previously published, nor is it under consideration for publication anywhere else.
  • ● The submission has been approved by all authors of the manuscript.
  • ● Permission has been obtained for use of any or all copyrighted material from other sources (including the Internet).
  • ● Manuscript has been spell checked and grammar checked.
  • ● All references mentioned in the Reference List are cited in the text, and vice versa.
  • ● Make sure to submit your manuscript in Microsoft Word. If it contains special characters, equations or any precise formatting that needs to be retained, please submit a PDF of your manuscript for reference, in addition to an editable word version. Figure files should also be uploaded as high-resolution TIF or EPS files for printing.
  • ● Journal policies detailed in this guide have been reviewed.


Before your submission


Preparation for submission


Before your submission

Publication Ethics

It is an important role of the publisher to guarantee high-quality scientific publications, which enhance and promote public trust in scientific findings. Universal Wiser highly appreciateds and supports the great efforts made by journal editors and the often unsung volunteer work undertaken by peer reviewers, in maintaining the integrity of the scholarly community. Universal Wiser takes the responsibility to enforce a rigorous peer review together with strict ethical policies and standards that ensure the publications of high quality scientific works. We promote the best practice in compliance with Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) as well as the Singapore Statement on Research Integrity released by the World Conference on Research Integrity. Note that this journal uses iThenticate's CrossCheck software to detect instances of overlapping and similar text in submitted manuscripts. Universal Wiser and our editors take publishing ethics issues very seriously, therefore averse to plagiarism, data falsification or inappropriate authorship credit.


Research Ethics

Submission of a manuscript implies: that the work described has not been published before; that it is not under consideration for publication anywhere else; that its publication has been approved by all co-authors, if any, as well as by the responsible authorities – tacitly or explicitly – at the institute where the work has been carried out. The publisher will not be held legally responsible should there be any claims for compensation.



Authors should be substantial contributors of the article. Anyone who made major contributions to the creation or writing the manuscript should be listed as an author. Any other individuals who made less substantive contributions to the study or the writing of the manuscript should be listed in the acknowledgement section. 

Principal authorship, authorship order, and other publication credits should be based on the relative scientific or professional contributions of the individuals involved, regardless of their status. During manuscript submission, the submitting author must provide contact information (full name, email address, institutional affiliation, mailing address and if available, ORCID of each author) for all of the coauthors. The author who submits the manuscript for publication accepts the responsibility of notifying all coauthors that the manuscript is being submitted. The author should also declare that any person named as coauthor of the manuscript is aware of the fact and has agreed to being so named.

All authors should have been involved in the writing of the manuscript at draft and any revision stages, and have read and approved the final version. 


Changes to Authorship

Authors are expected to consider carefully the list and order of authors before submitting their manuscript and provide the definitive list of authors at the time of the original submission. Any addition, deletion or rearrangement of author names in the authorship list should be made only before the manuscript has been accepted and only if approved by the journal editor. To request such a change, the editor must receive the following from the corresponding author: (a) the reason for the change in author list and (b) written confirmation (e-mail, letter) from all authors that they freely consent to the addition, removal or rearrangement. In the case of addition or removal of authors, this includes confirmation from the author being added or removed that they have freely provided such consent.
Only in exceptional, perhaps extenuating circumstances will the editor consider the addition, deletion or rearrangement of authors after the manuscript has been accepted. When such is the case, publication of the manuscript under such review shall be suspended while the editor considers the request. In rare cases and if the manuscript has already been published in an online issue, any requests approved by the editor may result in a corrigendum.


Use of Languages

Papers are only accepted as written in English. If your first language is not English, please make sure your paper can be understood by journal audiences. You can seek assistant tools or assistance from a native writer to check the manuscript.

Both English and American spelling are permitted in the journal, but please use only one consistently within the article. Non-discriminatory languages has to be used throughout the manuscript.


Copyright Policy

Journals published by Universal Wiser are fully open access: research articles, reviews or any other content on this platform is available to everyone free of charge to maximize the benefits to readers, authors and editors, consistent with the tenets of the concept of Creative Commons Attributions. To this effect, all content is distributed under Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY).


1. License

Copyright licenses detail the rights for publication, distribution, and use of research. Open Access articles published by Universal Wiser do not require transfer of copyright, as the copyright remains with the author. In opting for open access, the author(s) should agree to publish the article under the CC BY license (Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License). The CC BY license allows for maximum dissemination and re-use of open access materials and is preferred by many research funding bodies. Under this license, users are free to share (copy, distribute and transmit) and remix (adapt) the contribution, including for commercial purposes, providing they attribute the contribution in the manner specified by the author or licensor.


2. Images and Features

We support the use of original materials such as images and features as an argument for articles. Among these, some articles (especially Reviews) may contain figures, tables or text taken from other publications, for which Universal Wiser does not hold the copyright or the right to re-license the published material. Please note as the author, your sole responsibility to inquire with the original copyright holder (usually the original publisher or authors), whether or not the material you intend to appropriate can be re-used. If there is  any doubt that the original copyright holder has granted such a re-use privilege, then it is assumed that it has not been granted. In that case, authors do not have the right to use them.


Archiving Policy

To ensure permanent access to our publications, we work with different partners to archive our content:

A full archival copy of all publications is deposited both in electronic and print format in the Singapore National Library. Records of deposited publications are available via PublicationSG online catalogue.

The contents of GBCE are archived and preserved by PKP PN and Portico.

Authors are encouraged to self-archive the final version of their published articles into institutional repositories (such as those listed in the Directory of Open Access Repositories). For this purpose, authors are strongly encouraged to use the final PDF version published on the website of Universal Wiser.


For the purposes of record-keeping, Universal Wiser retains copies of submitted manuscripts and supporting files. However, for articles that are rejected we will comply with requests from authors to delete files from our database.


Article Processing Charge Information

Open access publishing is not without costs. Such costs are designed to cover the peer review process, copyediting, typesetting, publishing, content depositing and archiving processes. Those charges are applicable only to authors whose manuscripts have been successfully peer reviewed and accepted. Unlike most open access journals, which are free to readers but not to authors, Universal Wiser has instituted a generous waiver policy for the journal of Green Building & Construction Economics. Currently, it is completely free for authors to publish papers with this journal, without article processing charges or publication fee. Although, it is free for publication, please note well that submitted manuscripts will be scrutinized and critiqued rigorously during editorial, reviewing and production process, to ensure the quality and integrity of any or all ensuing published articles.


Preparation for submission

Article Types

● Original research

Original research is the main article type published by us. It mainly includes hypothesis, background study, methods, results, interpretation of findings, and a discussion of possible implications.

● Review

Review articles provide a critical and constructive analysis of existing published literature in a field, through summary, analysis, and comparison, often identifying specific gaps or problems and providing recommendations for future research.

● Comment

Comment is a very flexible format. Comments may be about policy, science and society or purely scientific questions. The main criterion is that they should immediately interest journal readers and be written in a straightforward, untechnical style.

● Case studies

Describes actual interventions or experiences within organizations. It can be subjective and doesn’t generally report on research. Also covers a description of a legal case or a hypothetical case study used as a teaching exercise.

● Technical notes

Technical notes are articles that describe a new methodology or to present results from new techniques or equipment of interest to Green Building and Construction. They are therefore clearly different from research articles. A technical note should in any case be under 3,000 words with no more than 5 figures and tables.


Editorial Process

Upon receiving a manuscript, the editorial office will perform an initial evaluation of the manuscript's suitability, including scientific validity for publication and especially, its potential for contributing to the body of knowledge in that particular discipline or ancillary ones. All manuscripts will be scrutinized critically by the editorial office before it is submitted for peer review. The peer review process will be conducted by independent experts in the discipline and the editorial office will collect at least two review reports per manuscript. The identities of both the authors and the reviewers are kept confidential, consistent with the principles that govern the double-blind peer review process. Where such is indicated, the authors may need to revise the manuscript based on the review report. The final decision on acceptance or otherwise of the paper is the prerogative of the Editor-in-Chief or Associate Editor(s). Accepted articles are then copy-edited for publication.


Key steps and details are as follow:


1. Initial editorial review

After submission, the manuscript will be assessed by the editor for the structure, style and compatibility of the manuscript according to the journal's manuscript preparation guidelines. Subsequently, the manuscript will be assessed for its originality and thoroughness, to determine whether it is a good fit for publication in the journal. Where lacking or inadequate in the aforementioned parameters, the manuscript may be rejected without any further reviews.


2. Peer review

Universal Wiser practises the policy of double-blind peer review. Peer review is designed to assess the validity, quality, often the originality and contribution to the body of knowledge of such articles for publication. Its ultimate purpose is to maintain the integrity of scientific inquiry by filtering out invalid or poor quality articles.

The peer review process is conducted by reviewers who are professionals, therefore experts in the field related to the research. A suggestion of potential reviewers will be made by the academic editor during the initial manuscript evaluation. The author may recommend potential reviewers or provide the names of potential reviewers they wish to exclude from consideration in the peer review of their manuscript. The editorial team will respect these requests as long as they do not unduly interfere with the objective and thorough assessment of the submission.

The reviewers must hold a Ph.D. (exceptions are made in some fields, e.g. medicine), with no conflicts of interest, may not have published with the authors in the previous five years, or have recent publications in a field of similar or those  related to the submitted manuscript. Reviewers will assess the technical soundness and validity of the methods, analysis and interpretation, all of which must be appropriate, properly and especially ethically conducted to support the data. The reviewers are given four weeks to prepare the review report. However, extensions can be granted on request that are not presumed to be frivolous or would unduly prolong the publication process in the case of potentially qualified, promising or interesting submissions. Through the peer review, at least two reports are collected for each manuscript—three if the advice from the first two reviewers differs substantially.


3. Anticipated revision

Apart from in an exceptional or extenuating circumstances, we allow for a maximum of two rounds of major revision per manuscript. The author is expected to revise the paper according to the written recommendations from the reviewers and editor, including paper formatting as required. The author is required to submit the revised manuscript, highlighting the revised sections, as well as submit an itemized response letter to clarify what they did, including providing rationale for their action to accommodate the reviewers' feedback regarding the manuscript.


4. Further review and final decision

The final decision on whether to accept the paper or otherwise is made by the Editor-in-Chief or associate editor(s). Accepted manuscripts are copy-edited, as well as edited for its English language and syntax. The acceptance criteria for all manuscripts are contingent on the quality and originality of the research, its significance to journal readership and especially contribution to the body of knowledge in the discipline. Except where otherwise stated, manuscripts are double-blind peer reviewed. Manuscripts will only be sent to production and subsequently for publication if the Editor-in-Chief determines that the paper meets the appropriate quality and relevance requirements.


5. Artwork and Publication

After acceptance of a manuscript for publication and in preparation for publication on the journal's website, the in-house editorial staff will organize the production of the paper, which entails copyediting, layout editing, proofreading and final production. The journal is structured in yearly volumes and in semi-yearly issues. Nevertheless, articles are published online immediately after acceptance and production.


How to Submit

● Submit online at: http://ojs.wiserpub.com/index.php/GBCE/. For new user, please register and submit the manuscript in accordance with the submission guide. This method allows authors to monitor the manuscript handling process via the Open Journal System. The editorial office will also contact you on any progress regarding the manuscript, using the registered email address. 

● Submit by mail to editorgbce@universalwiser.com. No registration is needed. Any response regarding the manuscript will be manually communicated to you through your mail.


Preprint Policy

Universal Wiser believes that journals publishing for communities with established pre-print servers should allow authors to submit manuscripts which have already been made available on a non-commercial preprint server. Manuscript submission does not, of course, guarantee that the article will be sent out for review. It simply reflects our belief that journals should not rule out reviewing a paper simply because it has already been available on a non-commercial server.

This journal will consider publishing review articles previously available as preprints on non-commercial servers such as ArXiv, bioRxiv, psyArXiv, SocArXiv, engrXiv, etc. Authors may also post the submitted version of a manuscript to non-commercial servers at any time. Authors are requested to update any pre-publication versions with a link to the final published article.


Presubmission and Transfers

If you are not sure whether your manuscript is suitable for the journal, you can send us a presubmission inquiry with a title, an abstract and keywords, and we will make an editorial judgement in 3-5 working days.

If you would like to submit to another journal of Universal Wiser Publisher, we can help you with this.


New Submission

Since manuscripts formatting can be time-consuming, we aspire to simplify the manuscript submission process by practising a format-free submission policy initially. Universal Wiser differentiates between the requirements for new and revised submissions. You can submit your manuscript in original format that will be used in the refereeing process. Only when your paper is at the revision stage, will you be requested to follow our formatting requirements for acceptance and subsequent publication.


Steps to follow for submitting your manuscripts with free format submission include the following:


Step 1: Ensure the manuscript is prepared as a single file, including texts, figures, and tables.

Step 2: Confirm all required sections are included in the manuscript.

(i.e. Abstract, Keywords, Introduction, Materials & Methods, Results, Conclusions, Figures/Tables with captions, Acknowledgement, Conflict of interest statement)

Step 3: Verify all cited referencing format is consistent throughout the manuscript. The references may be submitted in any style or format.

(Author(s) name(s), journal title/book title, article title, year of publication, volume & issue /book chapter, and the pagination. Including the DOI and/or URLs is highly encouraged.)


Formatting for Revised Manuscript

Contributions are required of a concise, focused account of the findings and reliable essential data. They should be well organized, written clearly and simply, avoiding exhaustive tables and figures. Authors are advised to use internationally agreed nomenclature, express all measurements in SI units, and acknowledge all the relevant sources.


Title: Titles must be limited to 20 words, and should be concise, indexable, and informative for a broad scientific audience. Please avoid abbreviations and formulae where possible.


Author details: Authors should be listed sequentially by full names. Where available, please also include ORCID identifiers. One author should be identified as the corresponding author, with the email address normally displayed in the article. Affiliation should be the institution where the work was done. Complete addresses are required with post codes. 


Abstract: An abstract is a summary of the content of the manuscript. It should briefly describe the research purpose, method, result and conclusion. The extremely professional terms, special signals, figures, tables, formulae and equations should be avoided, and citation of references is not allowed. The length of an abstract should be no more than 300 words.


Keywords: A list of three to eight keywords should follow the abstract. The chosen keywords are required to reflect the theme of a manuscript and each keyword should be separated with a comma. Be sparing with abbreviations: only abbreviations firmly established in the field may be eligible. These keywords will be used for indexing purposes.


Introduction: Being the most important part of the article, the introduction provides an executable roadmap to the inquiry. Generally, it begins with a thesis or problem statement, followed by an explication of the method utilized in the inquiry, including the length and scope of the investigation, where applicable. The next stages are the results, which illustrate what was gained by the inquiry, conclusions and recommendations for further inquiry. Subtitle is forbidden in this part, and the introduction of the article structure is considered unnecessary.


Abbreviations and Conventions: Using abbreviations can be an effective way to avoid repeating lengthy, technical terms throughout a piece of writing, but they should be used sparingly to prevent the text from becoming difficult to read. To use an abbreviation, write out the term or phrase on first use, followed by the abbreviation in parentheses. Use brackets if introducing an abbreviation inside parentheses. Conventional standard abbreviations should be used when abbreviation is justified.


Artwork, figure and other graphics: Figures and tables should be numerically numbered and cited in order within the text. The figures should have resolution not lower than 600 dpi and clear lines of 5 px, with signals and letters in Times New Roman at 8 pt. A space should always be maintained between the variable and the unit.

Please submit tables as editable text and not as images. Tables and figures can be placed either next to the relevant text in the article, or on separate page(s) at the end.


References: A comprehensive reference list is regarded as an important indicator of the paper's quality. If the relevant sources, especially the results published over a 2 or 3-year period are not reflected within the text, or most citations are from the author's publications, the editor reserves the right to consider this research not sufficiently scholarly to merit consideration for publication. The list of references should only include works that are cited in the text and that have been published or accepted for publication. Personal communications and unpublished works should only be mentioned in the text and excluded from the reference list. Do not use footnotes or endnotes as a substitute for a reference list.


Reference Format

GBCE adopts the Vancouver referencing style and manuscripts should be prepared following this style.

In-Text Citing: Each work cited in the text should have a unique number that is assigned in the order of citation. If a work is cited more than once, the same citation number should be used. Reference numbers should be placed in square brackets [ ] within the line of text. A dash should be used to link numbers which are inclusive, and a comma should be used where numbers are not consecutive; for example, [1-3, 7].

Creating a Reference List: The Reference List appears at the end of the paper and provides the full citations for all the references that have been used. List all references numerically in the order cited within the paper, and include the bracketed number at the beginning of each reference. Please include the digital object identifier (DOI) for all references where available.


Journal article: print

[1] Zhang X, Hao Y, Wang X, Chen Z. Adsorption of iron (III), cobalt (II), and nickel (II) on activated carbon derived from Xanthoceras Sorbifolia Bunge hull: Mechanisms, kinetics and influencing parameters. Water Science and Technology. 2017; 75(8): 1849-1861.

Title of journal article (capitalise the first word of the title, sub-title and any proper nouns)
Title of journal (this should be in italics. Capitalise all words in the journal title except for common words - of, and, etc.)
Year of publication
Volume number
(Issue number)
Page numbers of the article


Journal article: online/electronic

[2] Sheng JJ, Wang XP, Gong P, Tian LD, Yao TD. Heavy metals of the Tibetan top soils level, source, spatial distribution, temporal variation and risk assessment. Environmental Science and Pollution Research. 2012; 1(7): 3362-3370. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-012-0857-5

[3] Gunatilake S. Methods of removing heavy metals from industrial wastewater. Journal of Multidisciplinary Engineering Science Studies. 2015; 1(1): 12-18. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/287818349_Methods_of_Removing_Heavy_Metals_from_Industrial_Wastewater [Accessed 15th June 2021].


Title of journal article (capitalise the first word of the title, sub-title and any proper nouns)

Title of journal (this should be in italics. Capitalise all words in the journal title except for common words - of, and, etc.)

Year of publication

Volume number

(Issue number)

Page numbers of the article

URL (Include [Date of access]) or DOI



[4] Corley RHV, Tinker PB. The oil palm. 4th ed. Oxford, United Kingdom: Blackwell Science Ltd; 2003.

Author/Editor (if it is an editor always put (ed.) after the name)

Title (this should be in italics. Capitalise the first words of title, sub-title, and any proper nouns)

Series title and number (if part of a series)

Edition (if not the first edition)

Place of publication (if there is more than one place listed, use the first named)


Year of publication


Book chapter

[5] Gutierrez M, Solarte A, Pope I, Maluk C, Hidalgo J, Torero JL. Fire-safe bamboo structures - A methodology to facilitate performance-based design. In: Xiao Y, Li Z, Liu KW. (eds.) Modern engineered bamboo structures. Florida, United States: CRC Press; 2019. p.117-128.

Author of the chapter

Title of chapter (capitalise the first words of title, sub-title, and any proper nouns) followed by, In:

Editor (always put (ed.) after the name)

Title of book (this should be in italics. Capitalise the first words of title, sub-title, and any proper nouns)

Series title and number (if part of a series)

Edition (if not the first edition)

Place of publication (if there is more than one place listed, use the first named)


Year of publication

Page numbers (use 'p.' before single and multiple page numbers)


Conference proceeding: individual paper

[6] Attoye DE. Manipulation of daylight as a post-construction: A partial comparative analysis. In: Ebohon OJ, Ayeni Dorcas A, Egbu CO, Omole FK. (eds.) Proceeding of The Joint International Conference (JIC) 2016 on 21st Century Human Habitat: Issues, Sustainability and Development, 21-24 March 2016, The Federal University of Technology, Akure (FUTA), Nigeria. Akure, Nigeria: Joint International Conference Editorial Committee; 2016. p.124-130.


Title of conference paper (capitalise the first words of title, sub-title, and any proper nouns) followed by, In:

Editor/Organisation (if it is an editor always put (ed.) after the name)

Title (this should be in italics. Capitalise all words in the journal title except for common words - of, and, etc.)

Place of publication


Year of publication

Page numbers (use 'p.' before single and multiple page numbers)


Author biography: Authors can add biographies to submissions. Biographies will be exhibited after the reference within 150 words including author's photo. The information of biographies should contain education backgrounds, current positions, research fields, awards and so on. It can be submitted within the cover letter or submission.



The author expresses his/her thanks to the people helping with this work, and acknowledges the valuable suggestions from the peer reviewers. Financial support also appears in this part, with grant number(s) following. The full title of each fund is required.

They are not required for manuscript submission. List here those individuals who provided help during the research.


Supplementary material

Supplementary material such as applications, images and sound clips, can be published with your article to enhance it. Submitted supplementary items are published exactly as they are received. Please submit your material together with the article and supply a concise, descriptive caption for each supplementary file.


Declaration of conflicting interests

At the point of submission, authors are encouraged to include a declaration of any conflicting interests. Each author should reveal any financial interests or connections, direct or indirect, or other situations that might raise the question of bias in the work reported or the conclusions, implications, or opinions stated or arrived at. The assumption of bias or conflict of interests may include but not limited to pertinent commercial or other sources of funding for the individual author(s) or for the associated department(s) or organization(s), personal relationships, or direct academic competition.

When submitting the revision, the corresponding author must provide the statement of conflict of interests on behalf of all authors of the manuscript. The statement should describe all potential sources of bias, including affiliations, funding sources, and financial or management relationships, that may constitute conflicts of interest. If no conflict of interest is declared, the following statement should be provided: "The authors declare no competing financial interest."