3D-CFD Study of Oblique Streamlining Membranes on the Roof-Top of a Low-Rise Building, Targeting Pedestrian Comfort-A Case Study
Considering the cubic nature of the most frequent geometries among the urban elements and their configurations, the manipulation of the free stream wind flow around the enormous objects, as well as within relatively narrow corridors, such as street canyons is significant in many regards. One of its instances could be mentioned as pedestrian comfort. In this case study, the implementation of an Oblique Streamlining Membrane (OSM) has been studied on a sub-branch of a low rise, but bulky, building, over which a roof-top outdoor food court area has been primarily designed. The OSM serves as the streamlining mechanism, preventing the roof-top area from the intense fluctuations of the wind flow after the flow is separated from the inlet corner side of the building in question. The optimization of sub-geometries and the proof of the concept for the OSM flow controlling mechanism were the subject of the current manuscript, for which a 3D numerical Reynolds Average Navier-Stokes (RANS) scheme has been used. An unstructured computational grid has been applied around the 3D geometry of the entire building and its sub-branching details, which is in contrast with most studies on full-scale geometries, tending to have simplifications on the body to reach a more generalized set of results. All cases have been numerically tested with and without the presence of the OSM. This comparison has been the grounds for proving the effectivity of the said flow controlling mechanism to eliminate high gradient fluctuations of the separated flow off the roof corners. This has led to pedestrian/resident comfort on the roof-top food court area located on top of the building.