Multivariate Contrasts of Seven Strawberry Cultivars in Soilless Cultivation and Greenhouse in Southern Brazil

Authors

  • José Luís Trevizan Chiomento Graduate Program in Agronomy, University of Passo Fundo, Passo Fundo, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
  • Fabiola Stockmans De Nardi Centro Universitário do Instituto de Desenvolvimento Educacional do Alto Uruguai, Passo Fundo, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
  • Sabrina Carla Kujawa Undergraduate Program in Agronomy, University of Passo Fundo, Passo Fundo, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
  • Yuri dos Santos Deggerone Undergraduate Program in Agronomy, University of Passo Fundo, Passo Fundo, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1537-1333
  • Rudinei Fante Undergraduate Program in Agronomy, University of Passo Fundo, Passo Fundo, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
  • Ivan Junior Kaspary Undergraduate Program in Agronomy, University of Passo Fundo, Passo Fundo, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
  • Alana Grando Dornelles Undergraduate Program in Agronomy, University of Passo Fundo, Passo Fundo, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
  • Jaqueline Huzar-Novakowiski Graduate Program in Agronomy, University of Passo Fundo, Passo Fundo, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1037-2396
  • Thomas dos Santos Trentin Undergraduate Program in Agronomy, University of Passo Fundo, Passo Fundo, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9163-5284

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37256/acbr.2120232332

Keywords:

Fragaria X ananassa Duch., yield, biomolecules, substrate

Abstract

Understanding the performance of strawberry cultivars in response to the evolving environment and growth medium is a key factor in choosing materials with the aptitude to serve the consumer market. Here, we investigated whether strawberry cultivars in soilless cultivation and greenhouse differ in their agronomic potential. We have studied seven cultivars in an experiment designed in randomized blocks, with four replications. We used analysis of variance and multivariate to examine production attributes, the chemical quality of fruits, and their phytochemical profile. Among the seven cultivars, three heterogeneous groups were formed, gathering the materials mainly due to the similarity in terms of the content of total polyphenols (TPO) and average fresh fruit mass (AFFM). ‘Aromas’ produced the greatest number of strawberries. ‘Fronteras’ and ‘Monterey’, in turn, were the most productive cultivars, and ‘Albion’ and ‘Fronteras’ produced the largest fruits. ‘Albion’ produced the sweetest and tastiest fruits, with an adequate relationship between sugar and acidity. ‘Camino Real’ produced fruits with higher phytochemical content. We conclude that the seven strawberry cultivars in soilless cultivation and greenhouse have contrasting agronomic potential, which indicates that the producers can establish their crops with different materials. We suggest the use of ‘Fronteras’ to obtain greater yield and fruit size, ‘Albion’ to producers looking to grow sweeter and tastier fruits, and ‘Camino Real’ to obtain strawberries rich in secondary metabolites.

Author Biography

José Luís Trevizan Chiomento, Graduate Program in Agronomy, University of Passo Fundo, Passo Fundo, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil

 

 

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Published

2023-01-30

How to Cite

1.
Chiomento JLT, Nardi FSD, Kujawa SC, Deggerone Y dos S, Fante R, Kaspary IJ, Dornelles AG, Huzar-Novakowiski J, Trentin T dos S. Multivariate Contrasts of Seven Strawberry Cultivars in Soilless Cultivation and Greenhouse in Southern Brazil. Advanced Chemicobiology Research [Internet]. 2023 Jan. 30 [cited 2024 May 28];2(1):64-78. Available from: https://ojs.wiserpub.com/index.php/ACBR/article/view/2332