Human Health Risk Assessment of Some Selected Heavy Metals in Brassica rapa var. parachinensis in Peninsular Malaysia

Authors

  • Chee Kong Yap Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, University of Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
  • Wan Hee Cheng Inti International University, Persiaran Perdana BBN, Nilai, Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia
  • Aziran Yaacob Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, University of Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
  • Zulhilmi Hassan Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, University of Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
  • Rosimah Nulit Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, University of Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
  • Franklin Berandah Edward Natural Resources and Environment Board, Petra Jaya, 93050 Kuching, Sarawak, Malaysia
  • Koe Wei Wong Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, University of Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
  • Mohamed Hafiz Ibrahim Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, University of Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
  • Shih Hao Tony Peng All Cosmos Bio-Tech Holding Corporation, PLO650, Jalan Keluli, Pasir Gudang Industrial Estate, 81700 Pasir Gudang, Johor, Malaysia
  • Chee Wah Yap MES SOLUTIONS, 22C-1, Jalan BK 5A/2A, Bandar Kinrara, 47100 Puchong, Selangor, Malaysia
  • Wen Siang Tan Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Biotechnology and Biomolecular Sciences, University of Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
  • Mohamad Saupi Ismail Fisheries Research Institute, Batu Maung, Pulau Pinang 11960, Malaysia
  • Amin Bintal Fisheries and Marine Science Faculty, University of Riau, Pekanbaru, Riau, Indonesia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37256/fse.2220211036

Keywords:

green mustard, heavy metals, human health risk

Abstract

Biomonitoring of heavy metals is an important part of the ecotoxicological study. However, without the application of the metal data to reflect human wellbeing, it is considered the low impact on the society. In this study, the heavy metals in green mustard Brassica rapa var. parachinensis were collected from Sikamat (Negeri Sembilan in 2013), Kg. Sitiawan (Perak in 2016), and Ara Kuda (Penang in 2016) of Peninsular Malaysia, were determined. The samples are analyzed for the concentrations of Cu, Fe, Ni, Pb, and Zn by using the flame atomic absorption spectrophotometer. For the leafy edible part, the metal concentrations (mg/kg dry weight) ranged from 16.1-18.5 for Cu, 145-207 for Fe, 1.02-1.64 for Ni, 0.90-2.73 for Pb, and 74.0-203 for Zn. These metal data were assessed for human health risks. It was found that all the values of target hazard quotients for Cu, Fe, Ni, Pb, and Zn in both adults and children were less than 1.00. This exhibited there were no non-carcinogenic risks of the five metals through the intake of the Brassica from the present study. This could indicate that the accumulation of metals and pollution threshold is below the limit of causing hazardous effects to consumers. Nonetheless, regular assessment of health risks of heavy metals in this vegetable needs to be conducted from time to time these vegetables are prone to continuous heavy metal contamination.

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Published

2021-10-12

How to Cite

1.
Yap CK, Cheng WH, Yaacob A, Hassan Z, Nulit R, Edward FB, Wong KW, Mohamed Hafiz Ibrahim, Shih Hao Tony Peng, Yap CW, Tan WS, Mohamad Saupi Ismail, Bintal A. Human Health Risk Assessment of Some Selected Heavy Metals in Brassica rapa var. parachinensis in Peninsular Malaysia. Food Science and Engineering [Internet]. 2021 Oct. 12 [cited 2024 May 21];2(2):91-7. Available from: https://ojs.wiserpub.com/index.php/FSE/article/view/1036