Quality of Different Papaya Cultivars Grown in the Greenhouse throughout the Year in Subtropical Regions

  • Esma GÜNEŞ Antalya Directorate of Provincial Agriculture and Forestry, Antalya, Turkey
  • Hatice Reyhan ÖZİYCİ Department of Gastronomy and Culinary Arts, School of Tourism, Antalya Bilim University, Antalya, Turkey
  • Hamide GÜBBÜK Department of Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, Akdeniz University, Antalya, Turkey
Keywords: papaya fruit, seasonal changes, greenhouse crop, harvest season, Sel-42, Tainung, phytochemistry

Abstract

Harvest time is one of the factors affecting postharvest fruit quality. Under the subtropical condition, greenhouse cultivation allows a year-round harvest. However, the crop should meet the quality and the marketing criteria for overall customer satisfaction. This study aims to determine the impact of the harvest season on the quality characteristics of papaya fruit. For this purpose, two different cultivars (Sel-42 and Tainung) were grown in the greenhouse and harvested in the winter, the summer, the spring, and the autumn of two years. Sampling was carried out at the same visual maturity stage at each season. The two cultivars had soft fruit flesh almost throughout the year, although the fruit harvested in the winter had a better visual appeal in terms of color. Both fruit cultivars harvested in the autumn had higher soluble solids and lower acidity. The highest concentrations of total phenolic content and L-ascorbic acid were observed in the spring and summer season harvested fruits although there was no significant difference between those (P > 0.05). It was concluded that the growth in the greenhouse minimizes the harvest season effects on papaya fruit quality. Thus, greenhouse cultivation is recommended for a higher quality product, especially in a subtropical climate.

Published
2021-12-22
How to Cite
1.
GÜNEŞ E, ÖZİYCİ HR, GÜBBÜK H. Quality of Different Papaya Cultivars Grown in the Greenhouse throughout the Year in Subtropical Regions. Food Science and Engineering [Internet]. 2021Dec.22 [cited 2022Jan.23];3(1):20-3. Available from: https://ojs.wiserpub.com/index.php/FSE/article/view/1117